Macromolecular Nanotherapeutics and Antibiotic Adjuvants to Tackle Bacterial and Fungal Infections

The escalating rise in the population of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens coupled with their biofilm forming ability has struck the global health as nightmare. Alongwith the threat of aforementioned menace, the sluggish development of new antibiotics and the continuous deterioration of the antibiotic pipeline has stimulated the scientific community toward the search of smart and innovative alternatives. In near future, membrane targeting antimicrobial polymers, inspired from antimicrobial…

Branebrutinib (BMS-986195), a Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor, Resensitizes P-Glycoprotein-Overexpressing Multidrug-Resistant Cancer Cells to Chemotherapeutic Agents

The overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp/ABCB1), an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) drug transporter, often contributes to the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. P-gp mediates the ATP hydrolysis-dependent efflux of a wide range of chemotherapeutic agents out of cancer cells, thereby reducing the intracellular drug accumulation and decreasing the chemosensitivity of these multidrug-resistant cancer cells. Studies with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in P-gp-overexpressing…

Development and Validation of a Convolutional Neural Network for Automated Detection of Scaphoid Fractures on Conventional Radiographs

CONCLUSION: The developed CNN achieved radiologist-level performance in detecting scaphoid bone fractures on conventional radiographs of the hand, wrist, and scaphoid.Keywords: Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), Deep Learning Algorithms, Machine Learning Algorithms, Feature Detection-Vision-Application Domain, Computer-Aided DiagnosisSee also the commentary by Li and Torriani in this issue.Supplemental material is available for this article.©RSNA, 2021.

Involvement of L5-S1 level as an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes after surgical treatment of lumbar pyogenic spondylitis: A multivariate analysis

CONCLUSION: Involvement of L5-S1, MRSA, polymicrobial infection, and CCI were identified as independent risk factors for adverse outcomes after surgical treatment of lumbar PS. Because L5-S1 is anatomically demanding to access anteriorly, judicious access and thorough debridement are recommended in patients requiring anterior debridement of L5-S1.