β,γ-Diaryl α-methylene-γ-butyrolactones as potent antibacterials against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Bioorg Chem. 2020 Aug 28;104:104183
Authors: Hamann HJ, Abutaleb NS, Pal R, Seleem MN, Ramachandran PV
A selected series of racemic α-methylene-γ-butyrolactones (AMGBL) synthesized via allylboration or allylindation reactions were screened against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300. Unlike natural AMGBLs, such as parthenolide, synthetic analogs bearing aryl moieties at the β- and γ-positions are potent against MRSA. The most potent molecules were comparable to vancomycin and linezolid, the drugs of the last resort for MRSA infections, in their effectiveness with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 3.0 to 5.2 μM. These lactones also exhibited potent antibacterial activity against other clinically important multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria (except enterococci), while also showing high tolerability to mammalian cells. Several of these molecules surpassed vancomycin in their rapid killing of the high MRSA inoculum (2 h vs 12 h) in a standard time-kill kinetics assay, with compounds 1l and 1m significantly reducing the intracellular burden of MRSA by about 98-99%, at low concentrations. Additionally, the compounds surpassed vancomycin in inhibiting staphylococcal protease production, indicating that synthetic methylene lactones warrant further investigations as promising anti-MRSA candidates.
PMID: 32971415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]