Microb Pathog. 2021 Oct 6;161(Pt A):105229. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2021.105229. Online ahead of print.
A new pleuromutilin derivative, 14-O-[(4,6-Diaminopyrimidine-2-yl) thioacetyl] mutilin (DPTM), has been synthesized and proven to be a potent agent against Gram-positive pathogens, especially for Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). However, its pharmacological activities against α-hemolysin (Hla), a major virulence factor produced by S. aureus, and inflammations related to S. aureus are still unknown. In the present study, we investigated the DPTM inhibition activities against methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) Hla and protective efficacy of Raw264.7 cells from injury induced by MRSA. The results showed that DPTM with sub-inhibitory concentrations significantly inhibited Hla on the hemolysis of rabbit erythrocytes and down-regulated the gene expressions of Hla and agrA with a dose-dependent fashion. In Raw264.7 cells infected with MRSA, DPTM efficiently attenuated the productions of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines, as well as the express levels of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Furthermore, DPTM inhibited the translocation of p-65 to nucleus in RAW264.7 cells infected by MRSA.