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septiembre 4, 2020

Pharmacological action and clinical effect of tedizolid phosphate (SIVEXTRO() Tablets 200 mg, for iv infusion 200 mg), a novel oxazolidinone-class antibacterial drug

Tedizolid, a novel oxazolidinone antibacterial agent, is a protein synthesis inhibitor that acts on bacterial ribosomes to inhibit initiation of translation. Tedizolid phosphate, a prodrug of tedizolid, is rapidly converted to the active form of tedizolid by phosphatase after administration. Tedizolid has antimicrobial activity mainly against gram-positive pathogens, and generally shows 4-8 times stronger in vitro activity than linezolid, an oxazolidinone antibacterial agent. Tedizolid has…

Involvement of oral bacteria and oral immunity as risk factors for chemotherapy-induced fever with neutropenia in patients with hematological cancer

The aim of this study is to investigate the association between chemotherapy-induced fever with neutropenia less than 1500/μL (FwN) and oral bacteria and/or oral immunity in patients with hematological cancer. Thirty-two patients with hematological cancer were enrolled in the study. Secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) in saliva and the anaerobic bacteria in tongue coating of each subject were assessed before the first chemotherapy. Eleven subjects had an onset of FwN and 21 subjects did not during…