Currently browsing

octubre 2, 2020

Palladium-Catalyzed Asymmetric Allylic C-H Functionalization: Mechanism, Stereo- and Regioselectivities, and Synthetic Applications

ConspectusAsymmetric functionalization of inert C-H bonds is undoubtedly a synthetically significant yet challenging bond-forming process, allowing for the preparation of densely functionalized molecules from abundantly available feedstocks. In the past decade, our group and others have found that trivalent phosphorus ligands are capable of facilitating Pd-catalyzed allylic C-H functionalization of α-alkenes upon using p-quinone as an oxidant. In these reactions, a 16-electron Pd(0) complex…

Hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia: Diagnosis, management, and prevention

Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) cause significant inpatient morbidity and mortality. They are especially challenging to diagnose promptly in the intensive care unit because a plethora of other causes can contribute to clinical decline in complex, critically ill patients. The authors describe the diagnosis, management, and prevention of these diseases based on current guidelines and recent evidence.