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noviembre 9, 2020

Management of cytomegalovirus infection after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

In a highly immunodeficient state following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), the reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) is occasionally uncontrollable, which leads to various clinical symptoms, such as pneumonia, enteritis, and hepatitis and finally to lethal outcomes. Although preemptive anti-CMV therapy based on monitoring of CMV infection by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and CMV antigenemia assays has reduced lethal CMV disease, CMV infection is associated…

IS26-mediated amplification of blaOXA-1 and blaCTX-M-15 with concurrent outer membrane porin disruption associated with de novo carbapenem resistance in a recurrent bacteraemia cohort

CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate IS26-mediated mechanisms underlying β-lactamase gene amplification with concurrent outer membrane porin disruption driving emergence of clinical non-CP-CRE. Furthermore, these amplifications were stable in the absence of antimicrobial pressure. Long-read sequencing can be utilized to identify unique mobile genetic element mechanisms that drive antimicrobial resistance.