CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe Covid-19-associated ARDS requiring ECMO had a very high late-onset VAP rate. Inducible AmpC-cephalosporinase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa frequently caused VAP, with multiple recurrences and difficulties eradicating the pathogen from the lung.
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oropharyngeal aspiration on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) incidence just prior to changing patient position. This randomized controlled experimental study was conducted between July 2015 and April 2019 in anesthesiology and reanimation of intensive care unit (ICU). The patients of experimental group underwent oropharyngeal aspiration under surgical aseptic conditions before each position change. Patients of the control group received…
The effects of Japan’s National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance on antimicrobial use.
Int J Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 20;:
Authors: Kusama Y, Tsuzuki S, Muraki Y, Koizumi R, Ishikane M, Ohmagari …
CONCLUSIONS: Newer agents, including ceftazidime-avibactam, ceftolozane-tazobactam, imipenem-relebactam, and cefiderocol, are useful for the treatment of MDR P aeruginosa infections. These agents offer improved efficacy and less toxicity compared with aminoglycosides and polymyxins and can be used for pathogens that are resistant to first-line antipseudomonal β-lactams. Selection of one agent over another should consider availability, turnaround of susceptibility testing, and product cost….
Comparison of dalbavancin to standard-of-care for outpatient treatment of invasive Gram-positive infections.
Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020 Oct 23;:106210
Authors: Veve MP, Patel N, Smith ZA, Yeager …
CONCLUSION: Tigecycline monotherapy was as efficacious as other antimicrobials in the treatment of bloodstream infections due to CP-Kp isolates with a tigecycline’s MIC ≤ 0.5 mg/L.