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noviembre 30, 2020

Drug resistant Tuberculosis: A review.

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Drug resistant Tuberculosis: A review.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 16;74:101574
Authors: Khawbung JL, Nath D, Chakraborty S
Abstract
Tuberculosis (TB) was announced …

Cell Therapy for Cytomegalovirus Infection

INTRODUCTION: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is widely prevalent but mostly harmless in immunocompetent individuals. In the post haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) setting unrestricted viral replication can cause end-organ damage (CMV disease) and, in a small proportion, mortality. Current management strategies are based on sensitive surveillance programmes, with the more recent introduction of an effective prophylactic antiviral drug, letermovir, but all aim to bridge patients until…

Strategies for implementation of a multidisplinary approach to the treatment of nosocomial infections in critically ill patients

INTRODUCTION: : Intensive Care Units (ICU) are among the hospital wards exhibiting the highest prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and resulting impact on patient outcomes. Antimicrobial resistance surveillance and antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs play a pivotal role in promoting interventions tailored to optimize infection diagnosis and treatment in the final attempt to limit unnecessary antimicrobial use and development of resistance.

Kinetics of procalcitonin in infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria

Procalcitonin guidance stimulates a reduction in the duration of antibiotic treatment in critically ill patients with a presumed bacterial infection, but its role in infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria has not been sufficiently explored. In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed procalcitonin curves of 32 patients with culture-confirmed ventilation-associated pneumonia (VAP) and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) occurred during the period 11/1/2016 to…

Standardization of post-operative antimicrobials reduced exposure while maintaining good outcomes in pediatric liver transplant recipients

Infections following orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) result in significant morbidity and mortality, warranting careful consideration of risks associated with antibiotic overuse and benefits of infection prevention. In the absence of specific guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in pediatric OLT, we developed a standardized approach to post-operative (post-op) antimicrobial therapy including 48 hours of antibiotics, no vancomycin for post-op fever within the first 48 hours, and caspofungin…

Effect of antifungal agents, lysozyme and human antimicrobial peptide LL-37 on clinical <em>Candida</em> isolates with high biofilm production

Introduction. Candida species can form biofilms on tissues and medical devices, making them less susceptible to antifungal agents.Hypothesis/Gap Statement. Antifungal combination may be an effective strategy to fight against Candida biofilm.Aim. In this study, we investigated the in vitro activity of fluconazole, caspofungin and amphotericin B, alone and in combination, against 17 clinical Candida tropicalis and 6 Candida parapsilosis isolates with high biofilm formation. We also tested LL-37…