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enero 2, 2021

Species-specific differences in the inhibition of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 by itraconazole and posaconazole

11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11β-HSD2) converts active 11β-hydroxyglucocorticoids to their inactive 11-keto forms, thereby preventing inappropriate mineralocorticoid receptor activation by glucocorticoids. Disruption of 11β-HSD2 activity by genetic defects or inhibitors causes the syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME), characterized by hypokalemia, hypernatremia and hypertension. Recently, the azole antifungals itraconazole and posaconazole were identified to potently…