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enero 20, 2021

The Role of New Posaconazole Formulations in the Treatment of <em>Candida albicans</em> Infections:Data from an <em>in Vitro</em> Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Model

Background Posaconazole is more in vitro active against Candida albicans than fluconazole and approved for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis but not invasive candidiasis (IC). We explored the efficacy of posaconazole against C. albicans in an in vitro pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model of IC and determined the probability of pharmacodynamic target attainment for the oral solution (o.s.) and i.v./tablet formulations.Methods Three clinical C. albicans isolates (posaconazole…

Therapeutic potential of Fosmanogepix (APX001) for intra-abdominal candidiasis: from lesion penetration to efficacy in a mouse model

Intra-abdominal candidiasis (IAC) is one of the most common yet underappreciated form of invasive candidiasis. IAC is difficult to treat, and therapeutic failure and drug resistant breakthrough infections are common in some institutions despite the use of echinocandins as first line agents. Fosmanogepix (FMGX, formerly APX001) is a first-in-class antifungal prodrug that can be administered both intravenously and orally. FMGX is currently in Phase 2 clinical development for the treatment of…

Development and Characterization of Monoolein-Based Liposomes of Carvacrol, Cinnamaldehyde, Citral or Thymol with anti-<em>Candida</em> Activities

There is an increasing need for novel drugs and new strategies for the therapy of invasive candidiasis. This study aimed to develop and characterize liposome-based nanoparticles of carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, citral or thymol with anti-Candida activities. Dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide- and monoolein-based liposomes in a 1:2 molar ratio were prepared using a lipid-film hydration method. Liposomes were assembled with equal volumes of liposomal stock dispersion and stock solutions of…

Bacterial superinfection pneumonia in SARS-CoV-2 respiratory failure

CONCLUSIONS: With use of sensitive diagnostic tools, bacterial superinfection at the time of intubation is infrequent in patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. Treatment based on current guidelines would result in substantial antibiotic overuse. The incidence rate of VAP in ventilated patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia are higher than historically reported.

Red Blood Cell Membrane-Camouflaged Tedizolid Phosphate-Loaded PLGA Nanoparticles for Bacterial-Infection Therapy

Multiple drug resistance (MDR) in bacterial infections is developed with the abuse of antibiotics, posing a severe threat to global health. Tedizolid phosphate (TR-701) is an efficient prodrug of tedizolid (TR-700) against gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Herein, a novel drug delivery system: Red blood cell membrane (RBCM) coated TR-701-loaded polylactic acid-glycolic acid copolymer (PLGA)…

Emergence of the New KPC-49 Variant Conferring an ESBL Phenotype with Resistance to Ceftazidime-Avibactam in the ST131-H30R1 Escherichia coli High-Risk Clone

We report the emergence of an isolate belonging to the sequence type (ST)131-Escherichia coli high-risk clone with ceftazidime-avibactam resistance recovered from a patient with bacteremia in 2019. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined and whole genome sequencing (Illumina-NovaSeq6000) and cloning experiments were performed to investigate its resistance phenotype. A KPC-3-producing E. coli isolate susceptible to ceftazidime-avibactam (MIC = 0.5/4 mg/L) and with non-wild type MIC of…

The <em>Neosartorya fischeri</em> Antifungal Protein 2 (NFAP2): A New Potential Weapon against Multidrug-Resistant <em>Candida auris</em> Biofilms

Candida auris is a potential multidrug-resistant pathogen able to persist on indwelling devices as a biofilm, which serve as a source of catheter-associated infections. Neosartorya fischeri antifungal protein 2 (NFAP2) is a cysteine-rich, cationic protein with potent anti-Candida activity. We studied the in vitro activity of NFAP2 alone and in combination with fluconazole, amphotericin B, anidulafungin, caspofungin, and micafungin against C. auris biofilms. The nature of interactions was…