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enero 28, 2021

In-vitro pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model data suggest a potential role of new formulations of posaconazole against Candida krusei but not Candida glabrata infections

Posaconazole exhibits in-vitro activity against Candida glabrata and Candida krusei. Epidemiological cut-off values set by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) are 1/1 and 0.5/0.5 mg/L, respectively, but clinical breakpoints have not been established to date. This study explored the pharmacodynamics (PD) of posaconazole in a validated one-compartment in-vitro pharmacokinetic (PK)/PD model, and…

Sexually Transmitted Infection Diagnoses and Access to a Sexual Health Service Before and After the National Lockdown for COVID-19 in Melbourne, Australia

CONCLUSIONS: The public appeared to be prioritizing their attendance for sexual health services based on the urgency of their clinical conditions. This suggests that the effectiveness of clinical services in detecting, treating, and preventing onward transmission of important symptomatic conditions is being mainly preserved despite large falls in absolute numbers of attendees.

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) in urinary infection isolates

Recently, emergence of carbapenem-resistance, in particular due to Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), was observed among K. pneumoniae causing urinary tract infections in Croatia. The aim of the study was to characterize, antimicrobial susceptibility, carbapenem resistance, virulence traits and plasmid types of the urinary KPC positive isolates of K. pneumoniae. The antimicrobial susceptibility to a wide range of antibiotics was determined by broth microdilution method. The…

Emergence of carbapenem-resistant <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em> harbouring <em>bla</em> <sub>OXA-48</sub>-like genes in China

Klebsiella pneumoniae strains carrying OXA-48-like carbapenemases are increasingly prevalent across the globe. There is thus an urgent need to better understand the mechanisms that underpin the dissemination of bla (OXA-48)-like carbapenemases. To this end, four ertapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates producing OXA-48-like carbapenemases were isolated from two patients. Genome sequencing revealed that one sequence type (ST) 17 isolate carried bla (OXA-181), whilst three isolates from a single…

Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Resistance and Mechanisms in Carbapenem-Nonsusceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa

This study established the in vitro activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam (C/T) and its genotypic resistance mechanisms by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in 195 carbapenem-nonsusceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CNSPA) clinical isolates recovered from Singapore between 2009 and 2020. C/T susceptibility rates were low, at 37.9%. Cross-resistance to ceftazidime/avibactam was observed, although susceptibility to the agent was slightly higher, at 41.0%. Whole-genome sequencing revealed that C/T…