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febrero 2021

Oral candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients under highly active antiretroviral therapy

Human immunodeficiency virus has plagued mankind since the 1980’s when the first case was documented. Human immunodeficiency virus-induced immunocompromised state can lead to several systemic and local manifestations, which often culminates in mortality. Oral candidiasis was one of the most prevalent opportunistic infections noted in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy has led to a significant reduction in both the mortality and the…

An insight into the structure of 5-spiro aromatic derivatives of imidazolidine-2,4-dione, a new group of very potent inhibitors of tumor multidrug resistance in T-lymphoma cells

A series of 17 arylpiperazine derivatives of the 5-spiroimidazolidine-2,4-diones (6-22) has been explored, including variations in (i) the number of aromatic rings at position 5, (ii) the length of the linker, as well as (iii) the kind and position of the linked arylpiperazine terminal fragment. Synthesis (6-16) and X-ray crystallographic studies for representative compounds (8, 10, 14 and 18) have been performed. The ability to inhibit the tumor multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pump…

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase bla<sub>CTX-M-1</sub> group in gram-negative bacteria colonizing patients admitted at Mazimbu hospital and Morogoro Regional hospital in Morogoro, Tanzania

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of extended spectrum β-lactamase producing gram-negative bacteria (ESBL-GNB) colonizing patients admitted at Mazimbu hospital and Morogoro Regional hospital, in Morogoro, Tanzania. Rectal colonization with ESBL-GNB increases the risks of developing bacterial infections by extra-intestinal pathogenic ESBL-GNB.

A multicenter analysis of the clinical microbiology and antimicrobial usage in hospitalized patients in the US with or without COVID-19

CONCLUSIONS: Despite similar rates of non-SARS-CoV-2 pathogens in SARS-CoV-2-positive, -negative, and -untested patients, SARS-CoV-2 was associated with higher rates of hospital-onset infections, greater antimicrobial usage, and extended hospital and ICU LOS. This finding highlights the heavy burden of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare systems and suggests possible opportunities for diagnostic and antimicrobial stewardship.

Capturing the antimicrobial profile of Rosmarinus officinalis against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with bioassay-guided fractionation and bioinformatics

Natural products have been a primary source of medicines throughout the history of human existence. It is estimated that close to 70 % of small molecule pharmaceuticals on the market are derived from natural products. With increasing antibiotic resistance, natural products remain an important source for the discovery of novel antimicrobial compounds. The plant rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), has been widely and commonly used as a food preservative due to its antimicrobial potential. To…

Antibacterial properties of Allium sativum L. against the most emerging multidrug-resistant bacteria and its synergy with antibiotics

Garlic has long been known as the most effective plant species in treatment of bacterial infections. Considering the vast potential of garlic as a source of antimicrobial drugs, this study is aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Allium sativum extracts and their interactions with selected antibiotics against drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant isolates of emerging bacterial pathogens that are frequently found in healthcare settings. As shown by the in vitro data obtained in this…