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febrero 1, 2021

Variable Release of Lipoteichoic Acid From <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> Bloodstream Isolates Relates to Distinct Clinical Phenotypes, Strain Background, and Antibiotic Exposure

CONCLUSION: Our findings provide the basis for future studies to evaluate the relationship between LTA release-mediated host immune response and clinical outcomes as well as the potential for antibiotic modulation of LTA release as a therapeutic strategy and deserve confirmation with larger number of strains with known clinical phenotypes.

Ceftazidime/avibactam and eravacycline susceptibility of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in two Greek tertiary teaching hospitals

The present study evaluated the carbapenem resistance mechanisms of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated in two Greek tertiary teaching hospitals and their susceptibility to currently used and novel antimicrobial agents.Forty-seven carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae strains were collected in G. Papanikolaou and Ippokrateio hospital of Thessaloniki between 2016 and 2018. Strain identification and antimicrobial susceptibility was conducted by Vitek 2 system (Biomérieux France). Susceptibility…

Antimicrobial Resistance Among Uropathogens: Surveillance Report From South India

Background Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections encountered in clinical practice. Evidence supports that empirical treatment guidelines based on local bacterial spectrum and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance provide the best clinical results and also prevent the emergence of resistant strains. Antimicrobial resistance has been increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. This warrants continuous reporting and surveillance of the emergence of AMR…

Two Cases of the Emerging <em>Candida auris</em> in a university hospital from Saudi Arabia

Candida auris is an opportunistic multidrug-resistant pathogen that was first isolated in 2009 and has since been reported from about 30 countries. In Saudi Arabia, only four cases of C. auris have previously been reported; here, we report two new cases of this infection. Both patients were polymorbid and had long hospitalization periods with recurrent intensive care unit (ICU) admissions. The findings of the tissue/blood cultures and antimicrobial therapy protocols are explained in the case…

Antifungal susceptibility of clinical mould isolates in New Zealand, 2001-2019

The objective of this study was to review the antifungal susceptibility of clinical mould isolates performed by the New Zealand Mycology Reference Laboratory. Isolates were either local or referred for testing from other New Zealand laboratories. All isolates were tested by the broth colorimetric microdilution method, Sensititre YeastOne (SYO). Epidemiological cut-off values (ECVs) derived from either the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) method or SYO were used to determine the…

Essential statistical principles of clinical trials of pain treatments

This article presents an overview of fundamental statistical principles of clinical trials of pain treatments. Statistical considerations relevant to phase 2 proof of concept and phase 3 confirmatory randomized trials investigating efficacy and safety are discussed, including (1) research design; (2) endpoints and analyses; (3) sample size determination and statistical power; (4) missing data and trial estimands; (5) data monitoring and interim analyses; and (6) interpretation of results….