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febrero 3, 2021

Role of new antibiotics for KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

Klebsiella pneumoniae has accumulated a wide range of resistance determinants and has evolved into a difficult-to-treat pathogen that poses an increasing healthcare threat. KPC is an important marker for extensively drug-resistant (XDR) organisms with limited treatment options. In response to the medical need for new treatment options, several new antibiotics have been developed and registered recently. The β-lactamase inhibitor (BLI) combinations ceftazidime/avibactam, meropenem/vaborbactam and…

Mono vs. combo regimens with novel beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations for the treatment of infections due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales: insights from the literature

Ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA), meropenem-vaborbactam (MVB) and imipenem-relebactam (I-R) are combinations of old ß-lactams with novel non-ß-lactam ß-lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) able to inhibit some carbapenemases, such as the KPC-type, thus are becoming the standard for difficult-to-treat carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE); a practical question is whether these novel BLBLIs should be used as monotherapy or as part of a combination regimen with other antibiotics, and if so, with which…

Development of the computational antibiotic screening platform (CLASP) to aid in the discovery of new antibiotics

Bacterial colonization of biotic and abiotic surfaces and antibiotic resistance are grand challenges with paramount societal impacts. However, in the face of increasing bacterial resistance to all known antibiotics, efforts to discover new classes of antibiotics have languished, creating an urgent need to accelerate the antibiotic discovery pipeline. A major deterrent in the discovering of new antibiotics is the limited permeability of molecules across the bacterial envelope. Notably, the…