Currently browsing

febrero 8, 2021

A Combination of Polybacterial MV140 and <em>Candida albicans</em> V132 as a Potential Novel Trained Immunity-Based Vaccine for Genitourinary Tract Infections

Recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) and recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVCs) represent major healthcare problems with high socio-economic impact worldwide. Antibiotic and antifungal prophylaxis remain the gold standard treatments for RUTIs and RVVCs, contributing to the massive rise of antimicrobial resistance, microbiota alterations and co-infections. Therefore, the development of novel vaccine strategies for these infections are sorely needed. The sublingual heat-inactivated…

Revealing Candida glabrata biofilm matrix proteome: global characterization and pH response

Candida glabrata is a clinically relevant human pathogen with ability to form high recalcitrant biofilms that contribute to the establishment and persistence of infection. A defining trait of biofilms is the auto-produced matrix, which is suggested to have structural, virulent and protective roles. Thus, elucidation of matrix components, their function and modulation by host environment is crucial to disclose their role in C. glabrata pathogenesis. As a major step toward this end, this study…

Antibiotic Efficacy Testing in an Ex vivo Model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus Biofilms in the Cystic Fibrosis Lung

The effective prescription of antibiotics for the bacterial biofilms present within the lungs of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) is limited by a poor correlation between antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) results using standard diagnostic methods (e.g., broth microdilution, disk diffusion, or Etest) and clinical outcomes after antibiotic treatment. Attempts to improve AST by the use of off-the-shelf biofilm growth platforms show little improvement in results. The limited ability of in…

A validated LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of the novel combination antibiotic, ceftolozane-tazobactam, in plasma (total and unbound), CSF, urine and renal replacement therapy effluent: application to pilot pharmacokinetic studies

CONCLUSIONS: This methodology was successfully applied to one pilot pharmacokinetic study in infected critically ill patients, including patients receiving renal replacement therapy, and one case study of a patient with ventriculitis, where all patients received ceftolozane-tazobactam.

Prevalence and molecular characterizations of seven additional drug resistance among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in China: A subsequent study of a national survey

The drug resistance prevalence data facilitates selection of the initial drug for treating multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and molecular characterization of seven additional types of drug resistances among MDR-TB isolates collected from the first/only nationwide drug resistance surveillance in China. A total of 391 out of the 401 MDR-TB strains were successfully recovered by Löwenstein-Jensen medium. Drug susceptibility testing…

Reporting antimicrobial susceptibilities and resistance phenotypes in Staphylococcus spp.: a nationwide proficiency study

CONCLUSIONS: Clinical microbiology laboratories should improve their ability to determine the susceptibility of Staphylococcus spp. to some antimicrobial agents to avoid reporting false-susceptible or false-resistant results. The greatest discrepancies and errors were associated with gradient diffusion, EUCAST breakpoints and some antimicrobials (mEs for aminoglycosides; MEs for fosfomycin, aminoglycosides and oxacillin; and VMEs for linezolid and oxacillin).