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febrero 12, 2021

Estimation and correlation of serum and salivary glucose and immunoglobulin A levels and salivary candidal carriage in diabetic and non-diabetic patients

Background. A correlation has been noted between diabetes mellitus (DM) and changes in the oral cavity. The present study aimed to estimate, compare, and correlate serum and salivary glucose and IgA levels and salivary candidal carriage in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. Methods. Eighty-eight subjects were categorized into three groups: group 1 (controlled DM; n=27), group 2 (uncontrolled DM; n=32) and group 3 (non-diabetics; n=29). Serum and salivary glucose levels were estimated by…

Successful outcome of disseminated Candida tropicalis osteomyelitis on remission induction for childhood Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia-case report

CONCLUSIONS: In the successful management of Ph-positive ALL, dasatinib, a second-generation Abl-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is crucial. The recommended treatment for Candida osteomyelitis in Ph-positive ALL patients is a fungicidal agent combined with surgery and modification chemotherapy with dasatinib. The use of combined modalities of treatment seems to be crucial in the successful management of Ph-positive ALL.

Activity of cefiderocol, ceftazidime-avibactam, and eravacycline against extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli clinical isolates (2012-20017) in relation to phylogenetic background, sequence type 131 subclones, bla(CTX-M) genotype, and coresistance

Extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli (ESCREC) are a growing threat. Leading ESCREC lineages include sequence type ST131, especially its (bla(CTX-M-15)-associated) H30Rx subclone and (bla(CTX-M-27)-associated) C1-M27 subset within the H30R1 subclone. We assessed cefiderocol, ceftazidime-avibactam, eravacycline, and 11 comparators for activity against 216 well-characterized ESCREC isolates (Minnesota, 2012-2017), then compared broth microdilution MICs with phylogenetic and…

Microbial Assessment of Health Care-Associated Pathogens on Various Environmental Sites in Patient Rooms After Terminal Room Disinfection

We examined the microbial burden on hospital room environmental sites after standard (quaternary ammonium [Quat]) or enhanced disinfection (quat/ultraviolet light [UV-C], bleach, or bleach/UV-C). An enhanced terminal room disinfection reduced the microbial burden of epidemiologically important pathogens on high-touch surfaces in patient rooms, especially sites around the bed, better than standard room disinfection.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Enterobacterales and Its Contribution to Sepsis in Sub-saharan Africa

Antibiotic resistant Enterobacterales (formerly Enterobactereaceae) are a growing threat to Sub-Saharan Africa. Genes causing antibiotic resistance are easily spread between the environment and humans and infections due to drug resistant organisms contribute to sepsis mortality via delayed time to appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Additionally, second or third-line antibiotics are often not available or are prohibitively expensive in resource-constrained settings leading to limited treatment…

Evolution of Antimicrobial Consumption During the First Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic

Background: The first wave of COVID-19 pandemic may have significantly impacted antimicrobial consumption in hospitals. The objective of this study was to assess the evolution of antimicrobial consumption during this period. Methods: A retrospective quasi-experimental before-after study was conducted in a Spanish tertiary care hospital. The study compared two periods: pre-pandemic, from January 2018 to February 2020, and during the COVID-19 pandemic from March to June 2020. Antimicrobial…

Nasopharyngeal Carriage and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> among Children under Five Years in Accra

This cross-sectional study investigated the Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) nasopharyngeal carriage epidemiology in Accra approximately five years post-pneumococcal conjugate vaccines introduction in the country. Archived nasopharyngeal swabs collected from 410 children aged under five years old were bacteriologically cultured. The resultant S. aureus isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing and screening for carriage of the…