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febrero 13, 2021

In Vitro and In Vivo Anti-<em>Candida</em> Activity and Structural Analysis of Killer Peptide (KP)-Derivatives

The previously described decapeptide AKVTMTCSAS (killer peptide, KP), derived from the variable region of a recombinant yeast killer toxin-like anti-idiotypic antibody, proved to exert a variety of antimicrobial, antiviral, and immunomodulatory activities. It also showed a peculiar self-assembly ability, likely responsible for the therapeutic effect in animal models of systemic and mucosal candidiasis. The present study analyzed the biological and structural properties of peptides derived from…

Less is more… in infectious diseases

CONCLUSION: Correct indications as well as focused selection and adequate application of antimicrobial agents is crucial to provide the best possible medical care. Diagnostic and antibiotic stewardship measures, which should be implemented in collaboration with infectious disease specialists, can help to identify and reduce areas of overuse and misuse.

From Farm-to-Fork: <em>E. Coli</em> from an Intensive Pig Production System in South Africa Shows High Resistance to Critically Important Antibiotics for Human and Animal Use

Antibiotic resistance profiles of Escherichia coli were investigated in an intensive pig production system in the uMgungundlovu District, South Africa, using the ‘farm-to-fork’ approach. Four hundred seventeen (417) samples were collected from pig and pig products at different points (farm, transport, and abattoir). E. coli was isolated and enumerated using the Colilert^(®) 18/Quanti-Tray^(®) 2000 system. Ten isolates from each Quanti-tray were selected randomly and putatively identified on…

Impact of an Antibiotic Stewardship Program on the Incidence of Resistant Escherichia coli: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria increase hospitalizations and mortality rates; antibiotic pressure increases resistance rates. We evaluated the impact of the antibiotics stewardship program (ASP) on Escherichia coli resistance rates, evaluating all antibiotic use and patients with positive cultures hospitalized between 2011 and 2018. Data on antibiotics were collected quarterly as the defined daily dose (DDD)/100 days hospitalization. In 2014, an intervention was…