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febrero 18, 2021

Serology anno 2021 – fungal infections: from invasive to chronic

BACKGROUND: Diagnosing invasive or chronic fungal infections is a challenge, particularly in the immunocompromised host. Microscopy and culture remain the «gold standard» but are insensitive. The use of non-culture based techniques is recommended in conjunction with conventional methods to improve the diagnostic yield.

An evaluation of ibrexafungerp for the treatment of invasive Candidiasis: the evidence to date

INTRODUCTION: : Invasive fungal infections, especially candidemia and invasive candidiasis, cause significant morbidity and mortality. The epidemiology of candida infections have changed dramatically due to an increase in risk factors associated with the development of infection and the emergence of resistant isolates such as C. glabrata and C. auris. This has prompted the search for novel and effective antifungals.

A single-centre, retrospective study of the incidence of invasive fungal infections during 85 years of autopsy service in Brazil

Autopsy continues to play an essential role in monitoring opportunistic fungal infections. However, few studies have analysed the historical trends of fungal infections in autopsies. Here, we analyse available data on fungal infections obtained from autopsy reports during 85 years of autopsies performed by the largest autopsy service in Brazil. All invasive fungal infections presented in autopsy reports between 1930 and 2015 were included. Of the 158,404 autopsy reports analysed, 1096 involved…

Antibacterial activity of a new monocarbonyl analog of curcumin MAC 4 is associated with divisome disruption

Curcumin (CUR) is a symmetrical dicarbonyl compound with antibacterial activity. On the other hand, pharmacokinetic and chemical stability limitations hinder its therapeutic application. Monocarbonyl analogs of curcumin (MACs) have been shown to overcome these barriers. We synthesized and investigated the antibacterial activity of a series of unsymmetrical MACs derived from acetone against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Gram-negative and Gram-positive species. Phenolic MACs 4, 6 and 8 showed a…

Use of platelet concentrate gel in second-intention wound healing: a case report

CONCLUSIONS: Topical application of homologous platelet-rich plasma gel in healing wound shows beneficial results in wound size reduction and induces granulation tissue formation. Platelet-rich plasma could be a safe and cost-effective treatment for managing the cutaneous wound healing process to shorten the recovery period and thereby improve patient quality of life.

Optimization of fermentation conditions and medium compositions for the production of chrysomycin a by a marine-derived strain <em>Streptomyces</em> sp. 891

Chrysomycin A is one of the valuable drug leads used to treat infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In order to increase its yield, this work firstly focuses on optimization of fermentation conditions and medium compositions of a wild-type chrysomycin A-producing strain Streptomyces sp. 891 from marine sediment. By single-factor experiment, effects of fermentation conditions (fermentation time, seed age, initial pH, inoculum amount, liquid…

Antibacterial <em>p</em>-Terphenyl with a Rare 2,2′-Bithiazole Substructure and Related Compounds Isolated from the Marine-Derived Actinomycete <em>Nocardiopsis</em> sp. HDN154086

Assisted by MS/MS-based molecular networking and X-ray diffraction analysis, five new p-terphenyl derivatives, namely, nocarterphenyls D-H (1-5), were obtained and characterized from the cultures of the marine sediment-derived actinomycete Nocardiopsis sp. HDN154086. The skeleton of nocarterphenyl D (1) was defined to possess a rare 2,2′-bithiazole scaffold, naturally occurring for the first time, and nocarterphenyls E-H (2-5) are p-terphenylquinones with unusual thioether linked fatty acid…

Comparative genomics of ST5 and ST30 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sequential isolates recovered from paediatric patients with cystic fibrosis

Staphylococcus aureus chronic airway infection in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) allows this pathogen to adapt over time in response to different selection pressures. We have previously shown that the main sequence types related to community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections in Argentina – ST5 and ST30 – are also frequently isolated from the sputum of patients with CF, but in these patients they usually display multi-drug antimicrobial resistance. In this study, we…