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febrero 22, 2021

Bacterial mediated silver nanoparticles and their efficacy against MRSA

Bacterial mediated Silver nanoparticles is considered as an emerging Ecofriendly approach to eradicate human pathogens. This paper aims to provide the biological approach for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles from indigenously isolated bacteria. This study will be beneficial to control the nosocomial infections triggered by MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). The current study is the extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using the cell free filtrate of bacterial…

Bacterial profiling of head lice isolated from the Orang Asli: A first report in Malaysia

This study was carried out to determine from bacterial profiling to the bacterial profiles of head lice among the Orang Asli communities. The head lice were collected from Orang Asli community volunteers. The surface sterilized head lice pools were subjected to genomic DNA extraction while next generation sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was performed using the Illumina MiSeq platform. Six female and three male head lice identified as Pediculus humanus capitis were collected. A total of 111 368…

Evaluation of ebselen in resolving a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection of pressure ulcers in obese and diabetic mice

Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a source of morbidity in individuals with restricted mobility including individuals that are obese or diabetic. Infection of PUs with pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), impairs ulcers from healing. The present study evaluated ebselen as a topical antibacterial to treat MRSA-infected PUs. Against two different S. aureus strains, including MRSA USA300, resistance to ebselen did not emerge after 14 consecutive passages. Resistance to…

Emerimicins V-X, 15-Residue Peptaibols Discovered from an <em>Acremonium</em> sp. through Integrated Genomic and Chemical Approaches

Fermentation of Acremonium tubakii W. Gams isolated from a soil sample collected from the University of Utah led to the isolation and characterization of six new linear pentadecapeptides, emerimicins V-X (1-6). Peptaibols containing 15-residues are quite rare, with only 22 reported. Genome mining and bioinformatic analysis were used to identify the emerimicin 60 kbp eme biosynthetic cluster harboring a single 16-module hybrid polyketide-nonribosomal peptide synthetase. A detailed bioinformatic…

Isopropoxy Benzene Guanidine Kills Staphylococcus aureus Without Detectable Resistance

Serious infections caused by multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clearly urge the development of new antimicrobial agents. Drug repositioning has emerged as an alternative approach that enables us to rapidly identify effective drugs. We first reported a guanidine compound, isopropoxy benzene guanidine, had potent antibacterial activity against S. aureus. Unlike conventional antibiotics, repeated use of isopropoxy benzene guanidine had a lower probability of resistance section. We found…

Fractional methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection model under Caputo operator

This study provides a detailed exposition of in-hospital community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) which is a new strain of MRSA, and hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (HA-MRSA) employing Caputo fractional operator. These two strains of MRSA, referred to as staph, have been a serious problem in hospitals and it is known that they give rise to more deaths per year than AIDS. Hence, the transmission dynamics determining whether the CA-MRSA overtakes HA-MRSA is…

Whole-Genome Sequence Analysis of Paenibacillus alvei JR949 Revealed Biosynthetic Gene Clusters Coding for Novel Antimicrobials

The increased prevalence of multidrug-resistant pathogens poses a significant clinical threat, and hence, the discovery of novel antibiotics is the need of the hour. Several attempts are being made worldwide to screen and identify newer antibiotics from various microbial sources. The genus Paenibacillus is known for its biosynthetic potential and metabolic versatility in producing several secondary metabolites. In this study, we isolated Paenibacillus alvei strain JR949 from the soil, which…

The novel endolysin XZ.700 effectively treats MRSA biofilms in two biofilm models without showing toxicity on human bone cells in vitro

In this in vitro study the effect of XZ.700, a new endolysin, on methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilms grown on titanium was evaluated. Biofilms of S. aureus USA300 were grown statically and under flow, and treatment with XZ.700 was compared with povidone-iodine (PVP-I) and gentamicin. To evaluate the cytotoxic effects of XZ.700 and derived biofilm lysates, human osteocyte-like cells were exposed to biofilm supernatants, and metabolism and proliferation were quantified….

Evaluation of bactericidal and virucidal activity of novel disinfectant Aaride AGT-1 compared to other commercially available disinfectants against hospital-acquired infections (HAIs)

Hand hygiene is the topmost crucial procedure to prevent hospital-acquired infections. Choosing an effective hand disinfectant is necessary in enforcing good hand hygiene practice especially in hospital settings. The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of Aaride AGT-1 as a hand disinfectant for the inhibition of pathogenic microorganisms’ transmission among both patients and personnel in the health care system compared to other commercially available disinfectants. In the present…