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febrero 23, 2021

Novel <em>ERG11</em> and <em>TAC1b</em> mutations associated with azole resistance in <em>Candida auris</em>

Candida auris is a novel Candida species that has spread in all continents causing nosocomial outbreaks of invasive candidiasis. C. auris has the ability to develop resistance to all antifungal drug classes. Notably, many C. auris isolates are resistant to the azole drug fluconazole, a standard therapy of invasive candidiasis.Azole resistance in C. auris can result from mutations in the azole target gene ERG11 and/or overexpression of the efflux pump Cdr1. TAC1 is a transcription factor…

Population pharmacokinetics and Monte Carlo simulation for dosage optimization of fosfomycin in the treatment of osteoarticular infections in patients without renal dysfunction

Background: Fosfomycin is gaining interest in the treatment of complex osteoarticular infections (OI) due to MDR pathogens.Objective: The aims were to conduct population pharmacokinetics of fosfomycin in a cohort of OI patients receiving 16g/daily by intermittent (II) or continuous infusion (CI), and to carry out Monte Carlo simulations for dosage optimization in the treatment of these infections.Methods: Patients underwent blood sampling on day 5 of therapy (2-3 serial samples). Population…

Fatal VAP-related pulmonary aspergillosis by Aspergillus niger in a positive COVID-19 patient

Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, known as a complication in patients with severe respiratory syndromes, recently showed a correlation with COVID-19 pneumonia, and the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) have been described. Unfortunately, infections by the Aspergillus genus are often diagnosed in post-mortem time, because of diagnostic delays and a rapid worsening of respiratory conditions. Literature data document, in fact, only few cases of COVID-19…

Tetracycline

A number of reviews have stated that tetracycline is contraindicated during breastfeeding because of possible staining of infants’ dental enamel or bone deposition of tetracyclines. However, a close examination of available literature indicates that there is not likely to be harm in short-term use of tetracycline during lactation because milk levels are low and absorption by the infant is inhibited by the calcium in breastmilk. Short-term use of tetracycline is acceptable in nursing mothers. As…

Epidemiology of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus species carriage in companion animals in the Greater Brisbane Area, Australia

To detect methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and S. pseudintermedius (MRSP) swab samples were collected from dogs, cats and horses from South East Queensland (SE QLD). MRSP carriage in dogs was 8.7% and no MRSP was isolated from cats and horses; no MRSA was isolated. Risk factors for carriage included previous hospitalisation, previous bacterial infection, consultation type, average precipitation, and human population density. The probability of MRSP carriage was highest in…

Horsing around: <em>Escherichia coli</em> ST1250 of equine origin harbouring epidemic IncHI1/ST9 plasmid with <em>bla</em> <sub>CTX-M-1</sub> and an operon for short-chain fructooligosaccharides metabolism

The relatedness of the equine-associated Escherichia coli ST1250 and its single- and double-locus variants (ST1250-SLV/DLV), obtained from horses in Europe, was studied by comparative genome analysis. A total of 54 isolates of E. coli ST1250 and ST1250-SLV/DLV from healthy and hospitalized horses across Europe [Czech Republic (n=23), the Netherlands (n=18), Germany (n=9), Denmark (n=3) and France (n=1)] from 2008-2017 were subjected to whole-genome sequencing. An additional 25 draft genome…