Currently browsing

febrero 27, 2021

Antibacterial properties of Allium sativum L. against the most emerging multidrug-resistant bacteria and its synergy with antibiotics

Garlic has long been known as the most effective plant species in treatment of bacterial infections. Considering the vast potential of garlic as a source of antimicrobial drugs, this study is aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Allium sativum extracts and their interactions with selected antibiotics against drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant isolates of emerging bacterial pathogens that are frequently found in healthcare settings. As shown by the in vitro data obtained in this…

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) augments metabolism and virulence expression factors in Acinetobacter baumannii

In a recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), multidrug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii is a pathogen described as an «urgent threat.» Infection with this bacterium manifests as different diseases such as community and nosocomial pneumonia, bloodstream infections, endocarditis, infections of the urinary tract, wound infections, burn infections, skin and soft tissue infections, and meningitis. In particular, nosocomial meningitis, an unwelcome complication of…

Morbidity and Mortality of Spinal Epidural Abscess in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients: A Case-Control Study

CONCLUSIONS: As described in previous literature, risk factors for SEA included infections, diabetes, and indwelling catheters. Additionally, clinicians should be aware of the risk factors for mortality in SEA-ESRD patients. As the largest study of SEA to date, our report identifies important risk factors for SEA in ESRD patients, and novel data regarding their mortality-associated risk factors.

Phenotype profiles and adaptive preference of Acinetobacter johnsonii isolated from Ba River with different environmental backgrounds

Acinetobacter johnsonii is a potentially opportunistic pathogen widely distributed in nosocomial and natural environments, but little attention has been paid to this bacillus. Here A. johnsonii strains from Ba River with different pollution levels were isolated. In this study, we found that the increasing anthropogenic contaminants accounted for the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) A. johnsonii strains. Correlation analysis results showed that the resistance phenotype of strains could be…

Clotrimazole-loaded N-(2-hydroxy)-propyl-3-trimethylammonium, O-palmitoyl chitosan nanoparticles for topical treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) represents a considerable health burden for women. Despite the availability of a significant array of antifungal drugs and topical products, the management of the infection is not always effective, and new approaches are needed. Here, we explored cationic N-(2-hydroxy)-propyl-3-trimethylammonium, O-palmitoyl chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) as carriers of clotrimazole (CLT) for the topical treatment of VVC. CLT-NPs with approximately 280 nm in diameter were obtained by…

Papiliotrema laurentii fungemia in a premature, very low-birth-weight neonate in Kuwait successfully treated with liposomal amphotericin B

Papiliotrema laurentii (formerly Cryptococcus laurentii) and Papiliotrema albidus (formerly Cryptococcus albidus) are yeast-like environmental fungi which are largely considered as non-pathogenic to humans. However, invasive infections caused by P. laurentii have recently been reported in some patients with an impaired immune system. Here, we describe the first case of P. laurentii fungemia in a premature, very low-birth-weight neonate in Kuwait and the Middle East. Repeated bloodstream isolates…