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marzo 18, 2021

Drug-resistant TB prevalence study in 5 health institutions in Haiti

CONCLUSION: This study describes the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of DR-TB strains circulating in Haiti from April 2016 to February 2018. Newly detected MTB clades harboring multi-drug resistance patterns among the Haitian population as well as the higher risk of MDR-TB infection in HIV-positive people highlights the epidemiological relevance of these surveillance data. The importance of detecting RIF-resistant patients, as proxy for MDR-TB in peripheral sites via molecular…

A literature survey on antimicrobial and immune-modulatory effects of butyrate revealing non-antibiotic approaches to tackle bacterial infections

The excessive prescription of antibiotics has led to an increasing number of antimicrobial resistances, posing a major public health concern. Therefore, the pharmacological research has shifted its focus to the identification of natural compounds that exhibit anti-pathogenic properties without triggering antibiotic resistance. Butyrate has received increasing attention as a promising candidate for the treatment of bacterial infections in the gastrointestinal tract, particularly when antibiotic…

Incidence and Associated Risk Factors for Lactic Acidosis Induced by Linezolid Therapy in a Case-Control Study in Patients Older Than 85 Years

Background: Serum lactic acid is considered a prognostic indicator in critically ill patients. However, studies on linezolid-induced lactic acidosis (LILA) are still limited. Individuals older than 85 years old (very elderly) have limited capacity for organ compensation, and LILA data from these patients are lacking. In this study, we evaluated the risk factors for LILA in patients older than 85 years and established a risk prediction model for geriatric practice. Methods: In this retrospective…

Loranthus acaciae: Alternative medicine for beta-lactamase producer and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Recently, we reported high antibacterial efficiency of Loranthus acaciae (LA) against different standard strains of bacteria including Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Therefore, this study aimed to confirm the effectiveness of LA against clinically isolated Staphylococcus aureus (SA) including β-lactamase producer (Blac) and MRSA. Forty-eight SA isolates collected from various clinical samples were used in this study. Antibiotics susceptibility profile was determined for…

Impact of rapid multiplex PCR on management of antibiotic therapy in COVID-19-positive patients hospitalized in intensive care unit

Because the diagnosis of co/superinfection in COVID-19 patients is challenging, empirical antibiotic therapy is frequently initiated until microbiological analysis results. We evaluated the performance and the impact of the BioFire® FilmArray® Pneumonia plus Panel on 112 respiratory samples from 67 COVID-19 ICU patients suspected of co/superinfections. Globally, the sensitivity and specificity of the test were 89.3% and 99.1%, respectively. Positive tests led to antibiotic initiation or…

Improving intravenous-to-oral antibiotic switch in children: a team-based audit and implementation approach

Children in hospital are frequently prescribed intravenous antibiotics for longer than needed. Programmes to optimise timely intravenous-to-oral antibiotic switch may limit excessive in-hospital antibiotic use, minimise complications of intravenous therapy and allow children to go home faster. Here, we describe a quality improvement approach to implement a guideline, with team-based education, audit and feedback, for timely, safe switch from intravenous-to-oral antibiotics in hospitalised…

Leveraging Marine Natural Products as a Platform to Tackle Bacterial Resistance and Persistence

ConspectusAntimicrobial resistance to existing antibiotics represents one of the greatest threats to human health and is growing at an alarming rate. To further complicate treatment of bacterial infections, many chronic infections are the result of bacterial biofilms that are tolerant to treatment with antibiotics because of the presence of metabolically dormant persister cell populations. Together these threats are creating an increasing burden on the healthcare system, and a «preantibiotic»…

An efficient and versatile CRISPR-Cas9 system for genetic manipulation of multi-drug resistant <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em>

Multi-drug resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae remains an urgent public health threat. While whole-genome sequencing has helped identify genetic changes underlying resistance, functional validation remains difficult due to a lack of genetic manipulation systems for MDR K. pneumoniae. CRISPR-Cas9 has revolutionized molecular biology, but its use was only recently adapted in bacteria by overcoming the lack of genetic repair systems. We describe a CRISPR-Cas9/lambda recombineering system…