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abril 2021

Antibiotic Resistance Crisis: An Update on Antagonistic Interactions between Probiotics and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) havoc is a global multifaceted crisis endowing a significant challenge for the successful eradication of devastating pathogens. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an enduring superbug involved in causing devastating infections. Although MRSA is a frequent colonizer of human skin, wound, and anterior nares, the intestinal colonization of MRSA has greatly increased the risk of inducing MRSA-associated colitis besides creating a conducive…

A Modular Synthetic Route Involving <em>N</em>-Aryl-2-nitrosoaniline Intermediates Leads to a New Series of 3-Substituted Halogenated Phenazine Antibacterial Agents

Pathogenic bacteria demonstrate incredible abilities to evade conventional antibiotics through the development of resistance and formation of dormant, surface-attached biofilms. Therefore, agents that target and eradicate planktonic and biofilm bacteria are of significant interest. We explored a new series of halogenated phenazines (HP) through the use of N-aryl-2-nitrosoaniline synthetic intermediates that enabled functionalization of the 3-position of this scaffold. Several HPs demonstrated…

Bacteriological profile and antibiotic resistance in newborn infants with possible community-acquired neonatal sepsis in Khartoum State, Sudan

Neonatal sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and knowledge of bacterial patterns and susceptibility to antibiotics is essential to design therapeutic guidelines. To determine the bacterial aetiology and antibiotic resistance patterns in neonatal sepsis, a prospective, cross-sectional, hospital-based study was conducted in a large paediatric emergency hospital in Khartoum State, Sudan, over a 6-month period. All newborn infants with a clinical diagnosis of sepsis were included…

Genomic and in vitro pharmacodynamic analysis of rifampicin resistance in multidrug-resistant canine Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A study has shown that 6 mg/kg per os results in plasma concentrations of 600-1,000 × MIC of S. pseudintermedius. Based on our data, this dose should achieve the minimum MIC (×512) to prevent RFP resistance development; therefore, we recommend a minimum daily dose of 6 mg/kg for MDR-MRSP pyoderma treatment when limited antibiotic options are available.

Early β-lactam concentrations and infectious complications after lung transplantation

Antibiotic underdosing in prophylactic antibiotic regimes after lung transplantation (LTx) can increase the risk of infection. We aimed to study whether β-lactam concentrations achieved desirable pharmacodynamic targets in the early phase after LTx and the association between drug concentrations and the development of early infections or the acquisition of multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains. We reviewed patients in whom broad-spectrum β-lactam levels were measured after LTx during antibiotic…

Green synthesized AgNPs from Periploca hydaspidis Falc. and its biological activities

Characterization of bio-synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Periploca hydaspidis (PHAgNPs) whole plant extract for the first time via UV-Visible spectroscopy, XRD, FTIR, DLS, and SEM analysis techniques was done. A rich variety of phytochemicals in P. hydaspidis aqueous extract (PHA) functioned as possible reducing and capping agents for AgNPs synthesis. In vitro antioxidant activities (DPPH, Iron chelating, Hydroxyl ion, Nitric oxide, and β-carotene bleaching assays) of PHAgNPs…