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abril 1, 2021

Deceiving Phenotypic Susceptibility Results on a <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em> Blood Isolate Carrying Plasmid-Mediated AmpC Gene <em>bla</em> <sub>DHA-1</sub>

Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) frequently causes hospital-acquired infections and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. CRKP can have multiple resistance mechanisms and only a few can be routinely detected by commercial molecular or phenotypic assays making surveillance for CRKP particularly challenging. In this report, we identified and characterized an unusual non-carbapenemase-producing CRKP carrying a rare plasmid-borne inducible AmpC gene, bla(DHA-1) . The…

Gut microbiota, body weight and histopathological examinations in experimental infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: antibiotic versus bacteriocin

Bacteriocins have been steadily reported as potential agents that may contribute, in different ways, to overcome antimicrobial drug resistance. Here, holoxenic NMRI-F mice microbiota, their body weight recovery and histopathological alterations of organs like colon, spleen and liver were examined in mice intraperitoneally infected with 10⁸ cfu of a clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA-1), and treated with enterocin DD14 alone (165 mg/kg), erythromycin alone (100 mg/kg) or…

Modular Design of Membrane-Active Antibiotics: From Macromolecular Antimicrobials to Small Scorpionlike Peptidomimetics

Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria have emerged in recent decades, leading to escalating interest in host defense peptides (HDPs) to reverse this dangerous trend. Inspired by the modular design in bioengineering, herein we report a new class of small amphiphilic scorpionlike peptidomimetics based on this strategy. These HDP mimics show potent antimicrobial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria without drug resistance but with a high therapeutic index. The…

Impact of initial vancomycin pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic parameters on the clinical and microbiological outcomes of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children

Optimal vancomycin exposure is important to minimize treatment failure of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. We aimed to analyze the impact of initial vancomycin pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters, including the initial vancomycin C trough and the area under the curve (AUC)/minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) on the outcomes of pediatric MRSA bacteremia. The study population consisted of hospitalized children aged between 2 months and 18 years with…

In vitro activity and resistance rates of topical antimicrobials fusidic acid, mupirocin and ozenoxacin against skin and soft tissue infection pathogens obtained across Canada (CANWARD 2007-18)

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that fusidic acid low-level resistance exceeded 10% for both MSSA and MRSA while fusidic acid high-level resistance was ≤3.5%. Mupirocin high-level resistance exceeded 10% in MRSA. Ozenoxacin is active versus SSTI pathogens including MRSA resistant to fluoroquinolones, macrolides, clindamycin, fusidic acid and mupirocin.

Molecular Composition and Antibacterial Effect of Five Essential Oils Extracted from Nigella sativa L. Seeds against Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria: A Comparative Study

Nigella sativa L. (NS) and its volatile compounds are well known for their broad spectrum of effects. This study aimed to investigate the variability of the chemical composition and the in vitro antibacterial activity of five essential oils (Eos) originated from Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, India, and France. These five samples were grown under different edaphic and climatic conditions. The agar diffusion method and microdilution method in 96-well plates were used to test the sensitivity of…

Correlation Between Biofilm-Formation and the Antibiotic Resistant Phenotype in Staphylococcus aureus Isolates: A Laboratory-Based Study in Hungary and a Review of the Literature

INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is an important causative pathogen in human infections. The production of biofilms by bacteria is an important factor, leading to treatment failures. There has been significant interest in assessing the possible relationship between the multidrug-resistant (MDR) status and the biofilm-producer phenotype in bacteria. The aim of our present study was to assess the biofilm-production rates in clinical methicillin-susceptible S. aureus [MSSA] and…

Healthcare-Associated Infections and Antibiotics Consumption: A Comparison of Point Prevalence Studies and Intervention Strategies

This study compares healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevalence and antimicrobial consumption (AMC) from surveys conducted in 2016 and 2019 in an Italian hospital for acute care. HAIs prevalence was 7.1% in both surveys, while patients were under antibiotic treatment slightly increased from 2016 to 2019, from 42.6% to 43.7%, respectively. In the survey of 2016, HAIs risk factors were fatal McCabe score and hospitalization longer than two weeks, while CVC and urinary catheter in that…

Antibiotic stewardship in UK surgical departments: challenges and possible solutions

Antibiotics are one of the most widely used classes of drugs within hospitals in the UK. They have a wide range of uses within all surgical specialties, both as preoperative prophylaxis and for treatment of acute surgical conditions. Antimicrobial resistance has increasingly been seen as a major issue, as the production of new antibiotics has decreased and overall use worldwide has increased. With the COVID-19 pandemic increasing concerns about antimicrobial resistance, there is an…