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abril 2, 2021

Lateral flow assay of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus using bacteriophage cellular wall-binding domain as recognition agent

As one of the most common and noticeable superbugs, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has long been a major threat to public health. To meet the demand for effective diagnosis of MRSA-induced infection, it is urgent to establish rapid assay method for this type of pathogen. In this study, an aqueous soluble cellular wall-binding domain (CWBD) protein from bacteriophage P108 was obtained with a recombinant expression technique. It can act as a wide-spectrum binding agent for all…

Development of a silk fibroin-based multitask aerosolized nanopowder formula for efficient wound healing

Most of the spray products in the market for wound healing applications are loaded with antibiotics that exert their antibacterial effect within the inflammatory stage of wound healing without demonstrating any effect in the subsequent proliferation stage. This study introduces a new aerosolized nanopowder (ANP) formula that not only exhibits antibacterial effect but also antioxidant and enhanced cell proliferation effects. Within the introduced ANP formula, Avicenna marina (Am) extract and…

Design, synthesis and mechanistic study of new 1,2,4-triazole derivatives as antimicrobial agents

Novel 5-amino-1,2,4-triazole derivatives and their cyclized 1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine analogues were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their antimicrobial activities. They were tested against five bacterial strains (Methicillin Resistant S. aureus (MRSA), E. coli, K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa) using ciprofloxacin as a positive control and against two fungal strains (C. albicans and C. neoformans) using fluconazole and amphotericin B as positive controls. Compounds 9,…

Change in antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens isolated from surgical site infections over the past decade in Japanese nation-wide surveillance study

Inappropriate antimicrobial therapy for surgical site infections (SSIs) can lead to poor outcomes and an increased risk of antibiotic resistance. A nationwide survey was conducted in Japan from 2018 to 2019 to investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens isolated from SSIs. The data were compared with those obtained in 2010 and 2014-2015 surveillance studies. Although the rate of detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing strains of Escherichia coli was increased from 9.5%…

Investigation of radezolid interaction with non-canonical chloramphenicol binding site by molecular dynamics simulations

Radezolid is a promising antibiotic of oxazolidinone family, which is able to overcome effect of some linezolid resistance mechanisms of bacterial ribosomes. The structure of the radezolid complex with ribosomes was never published but, by analogy with linezolid, it is considered to prevent the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the A-site of the ribosome large subunit. However, as with linezolid, it can be assumed that radezolid binds to the alternative binding site existing in the A,A/P,P-ribosome….

Genomic Insights Into Last-Line Antimicrobial Resistance in Multidrug-Resistant <em>Staphylococcus</em> and Vancomycin-Resistant <em>Enterococcus</em>

Multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) are important human pathogens that are resistant to most clinical antibiotics. Treatment options are limited and often require the use of ‘last-line’ antimicrobials such as linezolid, daptomycin, and in the case of Staphylococcus, also vancomycin. The emergence of resistance to these last-line antimicrobial agents is therefore of considerable clinical concern. This mini-review provides an overview of resistance to…

Comparison of China’s and the European Union’s Approaches to Antimicrobial Stewardship in the Pork Industry

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized global public health concern. Although the link between antimicrobial usage in food animals and AMR in humans is established, the detailed interactions are unclear. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) in livestock was first implemented in Europe with Sweden as the pioneer in 1986. Despite this head start, AMR is still an ongoing challenge for Europe. The European Union (EU) is an established agriculture producer, the second largest pork producer…