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abril 2, 2021, Page 2

Are outer-membrane targets the solution for MDR Gram-negative bacteria?

The outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative bacteria confers a significant barrier to many antibacterial agents targeting periplasmic and cytosolic functions. ‘Synergist’ approaches to disrupt the OM have been hampered by poor specificity and accompanying toxicities. The OM contains proteins required for optimal growth and pathogenesis, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and capsular polysaccharide (CPS) transport, porins for uptake of macromolecules, and transporters for essential elements (such…

In vitro evaluation of the antibacterial effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oil against clinical multidrug-resistant Shigella isolates

As there are little data about the antimicrobial effects of the cinnamon essential oils (EO) against multidrug-resistant (MDR) Shigella species, this study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activities of Cinnamomum zeylanicum EO against the clinical MDR Shigella isolates. Totally 50 MDR Shigella isolates including 17 (34%) S. flexneri, 20 (40%) S. sonnei, and 13 (26%) S. boydii were collected. The isolates were identified by standard phenotypic and molecular methods. The MDR phenotypes were…

A Multicenter Evaluation of Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Treatment Outcomes in Immunocompromised Patients With Multidrug-Resistant <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> Infections

CONCLUSIONS: Of 69 immunocompromised patients treated with C/T for MDR P. aeruginosa, clinical cure was achieved in 68% and mortality was 19%, consistent with other reports on a cross-section of patient populations. C/T represents a promising agent for treatment of P. aeruginosa resistant to traditional antipseudomonal agents in this high-risk population.

Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of <em>Salmonella</em> Isolated From Dead-in-Shell Chicken Embryos in Shandong, China

The present study was designed to explore the Salmonella prevalence and antimicrobial resistance characteristics in the context of chick mortality at hatching in China. Between December 2015 and August 2017, 1,288 dead-in-shell chicken embryos were collected from four breeder chicken hatcheries in Tai’an, Rizhao, Jining, and Heze, China. Salmonella isolates were successfully recovered from 6.7% of these embryos (86/1,288) and were evaluated for serotype, antimicrobial susceptibility, Class 1…

Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility profile and factors associated with enteric fever infection in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Enteric fever (EF) is caused by Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi (S. Typhi) and Paratyphi (S. Paratyphi) causing significant health problems in developing countries including Ethiopia. Thus present study aimed to determine prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profile of S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi among EF suspected patients at Felege-Hiwot comprehensive specialized hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from March-to-May 2020. Totally, 150 patients…

Characterization of antibiotic resistance profiles in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn patients

CONCLUSION: This is the first study to report the presence of CTX-M2-producing PA in the North Africa region and the first to detect blaCTX-M2-positive and blaPER-positive PA clinical isolates in Algeria, therefore demonstrating the spread of such MDR strains to this part of the world. Identification of bacterial genotypic alterations that confer antibiotic resistance is critical in determining the most effective antimicrobial strategies to be employed. Therefore, our findings could potentially…

Chitotriosidase Activity Is Counterproductive in a Mouse Model of Systemic Candidiasis

Mammalian cells do not produce chitin, an insoluble polymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc), although chitin is a structural component of the cell wall of pathogenic microorganisms such as Candida albicans. Mammalian cells, including cells of the innate immune system elaborate chitinases, including chitotriosidase (Chit1), which may play a role in the anti-fungal immune response. In the current study, using knockout mice, we determined the role of Chit1 against systemic candidiasis….