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abril 10, 2021

Effectiveness of vancomycin plus cloxacillin compared with vancomycin, cloxacillin and daptomycin single therapies in the treatment of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in a rabbit model of experimental endocarditis

CONCLUSIONS: Vancomycin plus cloxacillin proved synergistic and bactericidal activity against MRSA. Daptomycin was the most efficacious option against MSSA and similar to vancomycin plus cloxacillin against MRSA. In settings with high MRSA prevalence, vancomycin plus cloxacillin might be a good alternative for empirical therapy of S. aureus IE.

Abundance of extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes among intestinal Escherichia coli strains from drug users

Drug users may represent a hidden reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes among their intestinal flora due to the poor hygiene and inappropriate use of antibiotics. Therefore, this study was focused to examine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes among intestinal Escherichia coli isolated from drug users in Ahvaz, Iran. Among clients of toxicology laboratory who were confirmed their addiction to each of Morphine, Amphetamine or Methamphetamine, 109 drug users were…

The Treatment of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of infectious death worldwide, and poverty is a major driver. Clinically, TB presents as «latent» TB and active TB disease, and the treatment for each is different. TB drugs can display «early bactericidal activity (EBA)» and / or «sterilizing activity» (clearing persisters). Isoniazid is excellent at the former, and rifampin is excellent at the latter. Pyrazinamide and ethambutol complete the first-line regimen for drug-susceptible TB, each playing a…

An Antibacterial Nanorobotic Approach for the Specific Targeting and Removal of Multiple Drug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes diseases ranging from skin infections to lethal sepsis and has become a serious threat to human health due to multiple-drug resistance (MDR). Therefore, a resistance-free antibacterial therapy is necessary to overcome MDR MRSA infections. In this study, an antibacterial nanorobot (Ab-nanobot) is developed wherein a cell wall-binding domain (CBD)-endolysin, acting as a sensor, is covalently conjugated with an actuator consisting of an iron…