CONCLUSION: A multifaceted antibiotic stewardship intervention increased the appropriateness of antibiotic prophylaxis in elective primary TJA. Patients with nonsevere penicillin allergies, even those reporting hives or local swelling, tolerated cefazolin. Antibiotic stewardship interventions can be implemented across institutions to expand cephalosporin use in patients with a reported penicillin allergy within orthopaedic TJA patients.
Background: Antimicrobial resistance is a significant clinical problem in pediatric practice in China. Surveillance of antibiotic use is one of the cornerstones to assess the quality of antibiotic use and plan and assess the impact of antibiotic stewardship interventions. Methods: We carried out quarterly point prevalence surveys referring to WHO Methodology of Point Prevalence Survey in 16 Chinese general and children’s hospitals in 2019 to assess antibiotic use in pediatric inpatients based on…
CONCLUSIONS: Nocardia is an important cause of brain abscess in the immunocompromised host. Early diagnostic and therapeutic aspiration may help health care providers confirm the diagnosis, choose an appropriate antimicrobial regimen, and achieve source control.
CONCLUSION: Soft tissue culture results have more reliable microbiological concordance to identify DFO bacteria than swab culture results and targeted antibiotic therapy for DFO should be based on antimicrobial susceptibility testing in bone tissue specimen cultures.
Infections caused by multidrug resistant bacteria are still a serious threat to human health. It is of great significance to explore effective alternative antibacterial strategies. Herein, carbon-iron oxide nanohybrids with rough surfaces (RCF) are developed for NIR-II light-responsive synergistic antibacterial therapy. RCF with excellent photothermal property and peroxidase-like activity could realize synergistic photothermal therapy (PTT)/chemodynamic therapy (CDT) in the NIR-II biowindow with…
CONCLUSION: There is high rate of drug-resistant organism infection in pediatric oncology patients in a tertiary-care center in Thailand. Infection with drug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infection was associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Continuous surveillance for the pattern of drug-resistant infections is crucial.
CONCLUSION: Use of vancomycin loading doses was not associated with improved clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with MRSA infection.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, gram-negative bacilli constitute the majority of the patients in intensive care unit. Acinetobacter, the most common microorganism, has a high resistance rate and has been associated with prolonged hospitalization and mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: Because of its low propensity for resistance development and potent persister-eradicating activity, SC5005 is a promising lead compound for developing new therapies for biofilm-related infections caused by S. aureus.
While many data on molecular epidemiology of MRSA are available for North America, Western Europe and Australia, much less is known on the distribution of MRSA clones elsewhere. Here, we describe a poorly known lineage from the Middle East, CC1153, to which several strains from humans and livestock belong. Isolates were characterised using DNA microarrays and one isolate from the United Arab Emirates was sequenced using Nanopore technology. CC1153 carries agr II and capsule type 5 genes….