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abril 16, 2021

The Effects of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine on Candida albicans in Oral Candidiasis: A Comprehensive Review

Candida albicans is part of the healthy flora in the oral cavity. It can also cause opportunistic infection, which can be deleterious. The most typical type of chronic oral candidiasis is denture stomatitis, and C. albicans is identified as the most crucial organism in this situation. Due to the development of the resistant form of candida, using conventional drugs can sometimes be ineffective. Herbs and naturally imitative bioactive compounds could become a new source for antimycotic therapy….

Chills, fatigue, chest distress, and an abnormal increase in WBC, neutrophil, CRP, and PCT induced by terconazole: A case report

The vaginal routes of administration of terconazole, a synthetic triazole derivative, is widely used by patients with uncomplicated vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). A 32-year-old woman suffered from chills, fatigue, and chest distress after receiving one 80-mg terconazole vaginal suppository for the treatment of uncomplicated VVC. Then, the symptom persisted for 10 hours until the residue of terconazole was removed, and the vagina was repeatedly washed with iodophor. In addition, white blood cell…

From Simple Mouth Cavities to Complex Oral Mucosal Disorders-Curcuminoids as a Promising Therapeutic Approach

Oral diseases are among the most common encountered health issues worldwide, which are usually associated with anomalies of the oral cavity, jaws, and salivary glands. Despite the availability of numerous treatment modalities for oral disorders, a limited clinical response has been observed because of the inefficacy of the drugs and countless adverse side effects. Therefore, the development of safe, efficacious, and wide-spectrum therapeutics is imperative in the battle against oral diseases….

Characterization of Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence Traits Present in Clinical Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolates

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a notorious superbug which poses serious health threats to humanity. The severity of the infections depends on the prevalence of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance. In this study, attempts have been made to nominate the two most virulent and multidrug-resistant MRSA isolates demonstrating the preliminary features of intestinal adhesion for the futuristic applications of probiotics and postbiotics as antagonists to combat MRSA…

Thoracic Osteomyelitis and Eustachian Valve Endocarditis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Infective endocarditis and vertebral osteomyelitis are rare infections, most commonly caused by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). The eustachian valve is an embryological remnant of the inferior vena cava that has the potential to harbor a nidus leading to infective endocarditis. Eustachian valve endocarditis has been documented in the literature on less than 50 occasions and has yet to be documented in the presence of concomitant vertebral osteomyelitis. In this case, we…

Antimicrobial prophylaxis in adult cardiac surgery in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland

BACKGROUND: Deep sternal wound infections are a financially costly complication of cardiac surgery with serious implications for patient morbidity and mortality. Prophylactic antimicrobials have been shown to reduce the incidence of infection significantly. In 2018, the European Association for CardioThoracic Surgery (EACTS) provided clear guidance advising that third-generation cephalosporins are the first-line prophylactic antimicrobial of choice for cardiac surgery via median sternotomy as a…

Efficiency evaluation of some novel disinfectants and anti-bacterial nanocomposite on zoonotic bacterial pathogens in commercial Mallard duck pens for efficient control

CONCLUSION: The duck fecal droppings are the primary source of bacterial isolates. MDR isolates were susceptible to both CID 20 and Durak^(®) plus disinfectants after 120 min of exposure time at a concentration of 1:100 ml. Besides, H(2)O(2)/ZnO NPs composite proved its lethal effect against all testing strains at 0.02 mg/ml after 120 min of exposure. Strict biosecurity guidelines are required to mitigate and prevent the transmission of potentially zoonotic pathogens through the farm environment…

Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles, Virulence Genes, and Genetic Diversity of Thermophilic <em>Campylobacter</em> Species Isolated From a Layer Poultry Farm in Korea

Thermophilic Campylobacter species are among the major etiologies of bacterial enteritis globally. This study aimed at assessing the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles, virulence genes, and genetic diversity of thermophilic Campylobacter species isolated from a layer poultry farm in South Korea. One hundred fifty-three chicken feces were collected from two layer poultry farms in Gangneung, South Korea. The Campylobacter species were isolated by cultural techniques, while PCR and sequencing…

Nanomedicines for combating multidrug resistance of cancer

Chemotherapy typically involves the use of specific chemodrugs to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells, but the frequent emergence of a variety of multidrug-resistant cancer cells poses a tremendous threat to our combat against cancer. The fundamental causes of multidrug resistance (MDR) have been studied for decades, and can be generally classified into two types: one is associated with the activation of diverse drug efflux pumps, which are responsible for translocating intracellular drug…