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abril 23, 2021

Ceftolozane-tazobactam versus meropenem for definitive treatment of bloodstream infection due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC-producing Enterobacterales («MERINO-3»): study protocol for a multicentre, open-label randomised non-inferiority trial

BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC-producing Enterobacterales are common causes of bloodstream infection. ESBL-producing bacteria are typically resistant to third-generation cephalosporins and result in a sizeable economic and public health burden. AmpC-producing Enterobacterales may develop third-generation cephalosporin resistance through enzyme hyper-expression. In no observational study has the outcome of treatment of these infections been surpassed by carbapenems….

Short and Robust Anti-Infective Lipopeptides Engineered Based on the Minimal Antimicrobial Peptide KR12 of Human LL-37

This study aims to push the frontier of the engineering of human cathelicidin LL-37, a critical antimicrobial innate immune peptide that wards off invading pathogens. By sequential truncation of the smallest antibacterial peptide (KR12) of LL-37 and conjugation with fatty acids, with varying chain lengths, a library of lipopeptides is generated. These peptides are subjected to antibacterial activity and hemolytic assays. Candidates (including both forms made of l- and d-amino acids) with the…

Synthesis of (3-nitro-2-oxo-benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazonato)-zinc(II) complexes: the position of nitro group in phenyl ring alters antimicrobial activity against K. pneumoniae 1, S. typhimurium 2, MRSA and C. albicans

The basic purpose of this investigation was to explore the effect on antimicrobial activity of a nitro group at an ortho- versus para-position in the 2-hydroxy-phenyl ring of nitro-salicylaldehyde-N-substituted thiosemicarbazone (X-NO2-stscH2-N1HR, X = 3 or 5; stsc-stands for salicyladehyde thiosemicarbazone) complexes with zinc. Reactions of zinc(ii) acetate with 3-nitro-salicylaldehyde-N-substituted thiosemicarbazones (3-NO2-stscH2-N1HR) and 2,2-bipyridine, or 1,10-phenanthroline as…

Bovine subclinical mastitis-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, selective genotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the isolates in Kurdistan province of Iran

CONCLUSION: The detrimental involvement of S. aureus in bovine subclinical mastitis is proved herein. Besides, the contribution of MRSA and potential contamination of milk and dairy products with the bacterium may impose a serious public health risk. This demands serious and long-lasting efforts to control the infection. The results may be effective in the implementation of accurate controlling strategies.

Eosinophilic pneumonia: a case of daptomycin induced lung injury

Eosinophilic pneumonia is a category of lung diseases characterized by an increased number of eosinophils in alveolar spaces and interstitium. Acute cases are often caused by fungal infections, parasites, drugs or toxins and can present with respiratory failure. Daptomycin has been identified as one of the rare causes of acute eosinophilic pneumonia. We describe a case of an elderly man on daptomycin for MRSA endocarditis treatment who presented to the hospital with fevers and dyspnea within two…