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abril 29, 2021

The serine peptidase inhibitor N-ρ-tosyl-l-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone (TPCK) affects the cell biology of Candida haemulonii species complex

Candida haemulonii species complex (C. haemulonii, C. haemulonii var. vulnera and Candida duobushaemulonii) is composed by emerging and multidrug-resistant (MDR) yeasts. Candidiasis, the disease caused by these species, is difficult to treat and culminates in clinical failures and patient death. It is well-known that Candida peptidases play important roles in the fungus-host interactions, and hence these enzymes are promising targets for developing new antifungal drugs. Recently, serine-type…

Cutaneous mucormycosis in a chronic lymphocytic leukemia patient on ibrutinib

CONCLUSION: We outline the second reported case of localized cutaneous mucormycosis arising in the setting of ibrutinib use. Because the combination of immunosuppressed states, ibrutinib and skin trauma may serve as a nidus for mucormycosis, practitioners should be vigilant of thorough skin evaluations in these patients and appropriate anti-fungal treatment. Although amphotericin B has been well studied as first line therapy, oral posaconazole has been shown as an efficacious second-line…

Genomic-Led Discovery of a Novel Glycopeptide Antibiotic by <em>Nonomuraea coxensis</em> DSM 45129

Glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs) are last defense line drugs against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens. Natural GPAs teicoplanin and vancomycin, as well as semisynthetic oritavancin, telavancin, and dalbavancin, are currently approved for clinical use. Although these antibiotics remain efficient, emergence of novel GPA-resistant pathogens is a question of time. Therefore, it is important to investigate the natural variety of GPAs coming from so-called «rare» actinobacteria. Herein we…

Extracellular matrix-inspired inhalable aerogels for rapid clearance of pulmonary tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, and limiting the spread of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) is now an urgent global health priority. Essential to the persistence of this disease is the ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to circumvent host defenses by infecting lung macrophages to create a cellular niche for its survival and proliferation. This has urged the development of new therapeutic strategies that act through mechanisms distinct…

The antibacterial activities of honey

Honey is a powerful antimicrobial agent with a wide range of effects. Various components contribute to the antibacterial efficacy of honey: the sugar content; polyphenol compounds; hydrogen peroxide; 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds; and bee defensin-1. All of these elements are present at different concentrations depending on the source of nectar, bee type, and storage. These components work synergistically, allowing honey to be potent against a variety of microorganisms including multidrug resistant…

Determination of phylogenetic relationships among methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus recovered from infected humans and Companion Animals

Companion animals carry different microorganism of severely public health hazard for human; the kindness relation and contact between humans and companion animals may the route in the transmission of most zoonotic bacteria, including Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Therefore, the current study investigate the companion animals mainly dogs and cat as a reservoir for MRSA and the genetic similarity between the recovered strains of MRSA from such companion animals and their…

A Facile High-Throughput Model of Surface-Independent Staphylococcus aureus Biofilms by Spontaneous Aggregation

Many microbes in their natural habitats are found in biofilm ecosystems attached to surfaces and not as free-floating (planktonic) organisms. Furthermore, it is estimated that nearly 80% of human infections are associated with biofilms. Biofilms are traditionally defined as three-dimensional, structured microbial communities that are attached to a surface and encased in a matrix of exopolymeric material. While this view of biofilm largely arises from in vitro studies under static or flow…