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mayo 3, 2021

Performance Evaluation of BD Phoenix NMIC-413 Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Panel for Imipenem, Meropenem, and Ertapenem Against Clinical Carbapenem-Resistant and Carbapenem-Susceptible Enterobacterales

Purpose: The infection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) has become a major clinical and healthcare problem worldwide. The screening methods of CRE have been extensively developed but still need improving [e.g., tests with accurate and simple minimum inhibitory (MICs)]. In this study, the performance of the BD Phoenix NMIC-413 AST panel was evaluated against clinical CRE and carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacterales (CSE) in China. The panel was first evaluated in the Chinese clinical…

Phages and their lysins: Toolkits in the battle against foodborne pathogens in the postantibiotic era

Worldwide, foods waste caused by putrefactive organisms and diseases caused by foodborne pathogens persist as public health problems even with a plethora of modern antimicrobials. Our over reliance on antimicrobials use in agriculture, medicine, and other fields will lead to a postantibiotic era where bacterial genotypic resistance, phenotypic adaptation, and other bacterial evolutionary strategies cause antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This AMR is evidenced by the emergence of multiple…

Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Klebsiella variicola Strains Isolated in a Brazilian Hospital Belong to New Clones

Klebsiella variicola is mainly associated with opportunistic infections and frequently identified as Klebsiella pneumoniae. This misidentification implies a wrong epidemiology result as well as incorrect attribution to K. pneumoniae as the etiology of some severe infections. Recently, huge efforts have been made to study K. variicola, however, the biological aspects of this species are still unclear. Here we characterized five K. variicola strains initially identified as K. pneumoniae, with a…

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria: a disease beyond TB and preparedness in India

CONCLUSION: It is concluded from this review that most Indian studies have published laboratory data on NTM isolation and speciation and lacked information on clinical, microbiological and radiological correlation and treatment outcome details. Future studies should address these issues while publishing on NTM diseases.

The Building Blocks of Antimicrobial Resistance in <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>: Implications for Current Resistance-Breaking Therapies

P. aeruginosa is classified as a priority one pathogen by the World Health Organisation, and new drugs are urgently needed, due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains. Antimicrobial-resistant nosocomial pathogens such as P. aeruginosa pose unwavering and increasing threats. Antimicrobial stewardship has been a challenge during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a majority of those hospitalized with SARS-CoV2 infection given antibiotics as a safeguard against secondary bacterial…

Case Report: Hypomorphic Function and Somatic Reversion in DOCK8 Deficiency in One Patient With Two Novel Variants and Sclerosing Cholangitis

DOCK8 deficiency is a combined immunodeficiency due to biallelic variants in dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) gene. The disease has a wide clinical spectrum encompassing recurrent infections (candidiasis, viral and bacterial infections), virally driven malignancies and immune dysregulatory features, including autoimmune (cytopenia and vasculitis) as well as allergic disorders (eczema, asthma, and food allergy). Hypomorphic function and somatic reversion of DOCK8 has been reported to result in…

Phage Endolysin LysP108 Showed Promising Antibacterial Potential Against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

As a potential antibacterial agent, endolysin can directly lyse Gram-positive bacteria from the outside and does not lead to drug resistance. Considering that XN108 is the first reported methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain in mainland China with a vancomycin MIC that exceeds 8 µg mL^(-1), we conducted a systematic study on its phage-encoded endolysin LysP108. Standard plate counting method revealed that LysP108 could lyse S. aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with damaged…

Augmented Renal Clearance in a Case of Sepsis Leading to Vancomycin Failure Despite Increasing Dose As per the Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate

Augmented renal clearance (ARC) is a unique clinical scenario observed in critically ill patients. We present a case of a 30-year-old male with sepsis secondary to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia treated with vancomycin. ARC was observed in the patient with a maximum estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 161.9 ml/min/1.73 m², and therapeutic drug monitoring was used to adjust the vancomycin dosage. Despite the maximal recommended dose of vancomycin, the…

Characterization of Three Pleiotropic Drug Resistance Transporter Genes and Their Participation in the Azole Resistance of <em>Mucor circinelloides</em>

Mucormycosis is a life-threatening opportunistic infection caused by certain members of the fungal order Mucorales. This infection is associated with high mortality rate, which can reach nearly 100% depending on the underlying condition of the patient. Treatment of mucormycosis is challenging because these fungi are intrinsically resistant to most of the routinely used antifungal agents, such as most of the azoles. One possible mechanism of azole resistance is the drug efflux catalyzed by…