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mayo 3, 2021, Page 2

Efficacy of common antiseptic solutions against clinically relevant microorganisms in biofilm

CONCLUSION: Treatment failure in PJI is often due to failure to clear the biofilm; antiseptics are often used as an adjunct to biofilm clearance. We tested irrigants against clinically relevant microorganisms in biofilm in vitro and showed significant differences in efficacy among the different solutions. Further clinical outcome data is necessary to determine whether these solutions can impact PJI outcome in vivo. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(5):908-915.

In linezolid underexposure, pharmacogenetics matters: The role of CYP3A5

The exposure to linezolid is characterized by a large inter-individual variability; age, renal dysfunction and body weight explain this variability only to a limited extent and a considerable portion of it remains unexplained; therefore, we decided to investigate the role of individual genetic background focusing in particular on the risk of linezolid underexposure. 191 patients in therapy with linezolid at the standard dose of 600 mg twice daily were considered. Linezolid plasma concentration…

Bacterial coinfections in coronavirus disease 2019

Bacterial coinfections increase the severity of respiratory viral infections and were frequent causes of mortality in influenza pandemics but have not been well characterized in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this review was to identify the frequency and microbial etiologies of bacterial coinfections that are present upon admission to the hospital and that occur during hospitalization for COVID-19. We found that bacterial coinfections were present in

Intestinal mucormycosis in an adult with H1N1 pneumonia on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Gastrointestinal mucormycosis involving ileum is a very rare phenomenon. We present a case of 52-year-old male, known case of diabetes mellitus requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for H1N1 pneumonia with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The patient had small bowel obstruction with impending perforation requiring emergency bowel resection and ileostomy. The resected bowel segment histopathology showed mucormycosis. He was treated with conventional Amphotericin-B…

Structure-Based Discovery of Pyrimidine Aminobenzene Derivatives as Potent Oral Reversal Agents against P-gp- and BCRP-Mediated Multidrug Resistance

Overexpression of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), is an important factor leading to multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer treatments. Three subclasses of dual inhibitors of P-gp and BCRP were designed based on the active moieties of BCRP inhibitors, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and P-gp inhibitors, of which compound 21 possessed low cytotoxicity, high reversal potency, and good lipid distribution coefficient. 21…