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mayo 8, 2021

Attitudes toward using clinical decision support in community pharmacies to promote antibiotic stewardship

CONCLUSION: Community pharmacies represent an important point of contact for patients and are a potentially valuable setting for outpatient stewardship interventions. Pharmacists were overwhelmingly supportive of using CDS tools to evaluate patients and promote antimicrobial stewardship. These results suggest that it would be feasible to pilot such an intervention in the community pharmacy setting.

Impact of Clotrimazole Fungal Prophylaxis on Tacrolimus Exposure in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Retrospective Study

Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant prescribed to reduce the risk of organ rejection, is metabolized by cytochrome P450 and is a substrate for P-glycoprotein. Many medications affect tacrolimus concentrations, making it difficult to maintain exposure within its narrow therapeutic index. Clotrimazole troches, prescribed to posttransplant recipients immediately for the first 30 days for oral candidiasis prevention, are considered nonsystemic. However, data suggest a potential drug interaction,…

Healthcare-associated carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections: Risk factors, mortality, and antimicrobial susceptibility, 2017-2019

CONCLUSION: Prior exposure to carbapenems, longer hospital stay, and the presence of liver cirrhosis predicted CRKP instead of CSKP mBSI. Even with colistin therapy, CRKP mBSIs was still associated with a very high risk of mortality within 14 days. Ceftazidime/avibactam is a potentially useful therapeutic choice for cases caused by in vitro susceptible CRKP strains.

A peptidoglycan storm caused by β-lactam antibiotic’s action on host microbiota drives Candida albicans infection

The commensal fungus Candida albicans often causes life-threatening infections in patients who are immunocompromised with high mortality. A prominent but poorly understood risk factor for the C. albicans commensal‒pathogen transition is the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Here, we report that β-lactam antibiotics cause bacteria to release significant quantities of peptidoglycan fragments that potently induce the invasive hyphal growth of C. albicans. We identify several active peptidoglycan…

Genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of Candida albicans from vulvovaginal candidiasis patients

Candida albicans (C. albicans) is a common cause of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). In this paper, the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of 173C. albicans strains were investigated by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). A total of 52 diploid sequence types (DSTs) were recognized, and 27 (51.9%) of which have not been reported in the MLST database. Genotyping was performed on the multiple isolates collected from patients with recurrent VVC (RVVC, referring to VVC which attacks more than…