Currently browsing

mayo 31, 2021

Sensitive and Label-free Detection of Bacteria in Osteomyelitis through Exo III-Assisted Cascade Signal Amplification

Rapid and sensitive pathogenic bacterial identification and isolation from complicated clinical specimens are of great importance for the early diagnosis and prevention of osteomyelitis. Herein, we proposed a novel methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) detection strategy through two specially designed streptavidin magnetic bead-based probes, including a capture probe and a report probe. In detail, the capture probe takes the responsibility to specially bind with the surface protein…

Infection microenvironment-activated nanoparticles for NIR-II photoacoustic imaging-guided photothermal/chemodynamic synergistic anti-infective therapy

Subcutaneous abscesses caused by drug-resistant bacteria pose huge challenges to human health. The design of infection microenvironment-activated biomaterials has an advantage for the diagnosis and treatment of infective diseases due to its high specificity and efficiency. Herein, a novel theranostic platform based on Cu(2)O nanoparticles (NPs) is successfully constructed via a simple, fast and low-cost approach. The Cu(2)O NPs exhibit high sensitivity to overexpressed H(2)S and H(2)O(2) in the…

An anion and small molecule inhibition study of the beta-carbonic anhydrase from Staphylococcus aureus

Pathogenic bacteria resistant to most antibiotics, including the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represent a serious medical problem. The search for new antiinfectives, possessing a diverse mechanism of action compared to the clinically used antibiotics, has become an attractive research field. S. aureus DNA encodes a β-class carbonic anhydrase, SauBCA. It is a druggable target that can be inhibited by certain aromatic and heterocyclic sulphonamides. Here we investigated…

TEMPO-Cellulose Nanocrystal-Capped Gold Nanoparticles for Colorimetric Detection of Pathogenic DNA

Nanocellulose-assisted gold nanoparticles are considered promising materials for developing eco-friendly diagnostic tools for biosensing applications. In this study, we synthesized 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO)-oxidized cellulose nanocrystal (TEMPO-CNC)-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for the colorimetric detection of unamplified pathogenic DNA oligomers of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The fabricated TEMPO-CNC-AuNPs (TC-AuNPs) were characterized using…

Gut Bacteria of <em>Rattus rattus</em> (Rat) Produce Broad-Spectrum Antibacterial Lipopeptides

Among several animals, Rattus rattus (rat) lives in polluted environments and feeds on organic waste/small invertebrates, suggesting the presence of inherent mechanisms to thwart infections. In this study, we isolated gut bacteria of rats for their antibacterial activities. Using antibacterial assays, the findings showed that the conditioned media from selected bacteria exhibited bactericidal activities against Gram-negative (Escherichia coli K1, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa,…

Photoinduced Fabrication of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles: Transformation of Morphological and Biological Response on Light Irradiance

The photoinduced synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) was carried out to unveil the effects of change in wavelength of photons. ZnO NPs were synthesized by the coprecipitation technique exposed to different light regimes [dark environment, daylight, and blue-, green-, yellow-, and red-colored light-emitting diodes (LEDs)] at room temperature. X-ray diffractogram (XRD) revealed the wurtzite structure of ZnO NPs. A small change in the size of ZnO NPs (17.11-22.56 nm) was observed with…

Nanoantibiotics: Functions and Properties at the Nanoscale to Combat Antibiotic Resistance

One primary mechanism for bacteria developing resistance is frequent exposure to antibiotics. Nanoantibiotics (nAbts) is one of the strategies being explored to counteract the surge of antibiotic resistant bacteria. nAbts are antibiotic molecules encapsulated with engineered nanoparticles (NPs) or artificially synthesized pure antibiotics with a size range of ≤100 nm in at least one dimension. NPs may restore drug efficacy because of their nanoscale functionalities. As carriers and delivery…

Intraosseous Regional Administration of Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Total Knee Arthroplasty

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and perioperative antibiotics are commonly administered to try to mitigate the chance of infection. Intraosseous regional administration (IORA) of prophylactic antibiotics during TKA is a method of antibiotic delivery that has been shown to achieve markedly higher tissue concentrations at much lower doses. Other advantages include ease of administration, ability to time the…

In vitro activity of delafloxacin against bacterial isolates from osteoarticular and skin infections in Buenos Aires, Argentina

In vitro activities of delafloxacin, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin were evaluated by epsilometric and disk diffusion methods against 181 bacterial isolates recovered from bone and skin infections. Isolates included were 84 Staphylococcus aureus (40 MRSA and 44 MSSA), 46 coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), 23 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 28 Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The MIC(50)/MIC(90) (mg/l) for delafloxacin, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, respectively, were: MRSA, 0.004/0.064, 0.25/16 and…