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junio 6, 2021

Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales in Thailand, 2016-2018

CONCLUSION: CP genes were found in a high proportion (97%) of CRE isolates from hospitals across Thailand. The prevalence of NDM and OXA-48-like genes in Thailand is consistent with pattern seen in Southeast Asia, but different from that in the United States and other regions. As carbapenemase testing is not routinely performed in Thailand, hospital staff should consider treating all patients with CRE with enhanced infection control measures; in line with CDC recommendation for enhanced…

Combination of aztreonam, ceftazidime-avibactam and amikacin in the treatment of VIM-1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST235 osteomyelitis

We describe a challenging case of a patient with MBL-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa sternal osteomyelitis following aortic valve replacement with biological prosthesis. The strain exhibited a multidrug-resistance phenotype carrying the bla(VIM-)1 gene and belonged to the high-risk clone sequence type ST235. The patient was successfully treated with surgical debridement plus antibiotic therapy with ceftazidime/avibactam, aztreonam, and amikacin. Time kill curves showed that this triple…

In vitro activity of ceftazidime-avibactam and comparators against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from Central Europe and Israel, 2014-2017 and 2018

Between 2014 and 2017, 6,662 Enterobacterales and 1,953 P. aeruginosa isolates were collected by 19 centers in four central European countries and Israel. A further 2,585 Enterobacterales and 707 P. aeruginosa isolates were collected in 2018 by 28 centers in seven European countries and Israel as part of the Antimicrobial Testing Leadership and Surveillance (ATLAS) study. A central laboratory performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing using broth microdilution panels according to Clinical…

Antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of whole plant chemical constituents of Rumex abyssinicus

CONCLUSION: R. abyssinicus is a potential source of antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant agents. The antibacterial mechanisms of action of the MeOH extract and compound 2 are due to disruption of the cytoplasmic membrane and inhibition of the microbial respiratory chain dehydrogenase enzyme activity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of test samples and ciprofloxacin / fluconazole association against MDR strains. The observed activity of the isolated compounds against…

Prevention of VAP: Endless evolving evidences-systematic literature review

CONCLUSION: Though some of these themes identify with the past, the nuances in their implementation are highlights of this review. The review reiterates the need to revisit ambiguous practices implemented for VAP prevention. Adherence to evidence-based practices, by education, training, and reduction of workload is the key to VAP prevention.