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junio 13, 2021

Antimicrobial resistance and virulence characteristics in ERIC-PCR typed biofilm forming isolates of P. aeruginosa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a serious pathogen particularly in immunocompromised patients. In this work, 103 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were collected and classified into weak, moderate, and strong biofilm producers according to their biofilm forming abilities via tissue culture plate method. The antimicrobial resistance and the presence of different virulence genes were investigated via disc diffusion method and polymerase chain reaction respectively. Moreover, ERIC-PCR typing was…

A pH/H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> dual triggered nanoplatform for enhanced photodynamic antibacterial efficiency

Bacterial infection and biofilms cause non-healing chronic wounds and threaten human health. Although antibiotics still play an irreplaceable role to treat infectious diseases in clinics, increasing attention has been paid to the problem of multidrug resistance (MDR). As a novel strategy to deal with bacterial infection, photodynamic antimicrobial therapy (PDAT) has shown promising potential to reduce bacterial infection, and stimuli-responsive nanomaterials have been shown to enhance the…

Global trends and hotspots in research of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE): a bibliometric analysis from 2010 to 2020

CONCLUSIONS: The bibliometric analysis revealed that development of antibacterial agents, early etiological detection and genome sequencing techniques were the hotspots and would probably direct the future research directions which would also facilitate a better understanding of the epidemiology of drug-resistant bacteria and implementing the antibiotic stewardship program.

Difference Between the Profiles Presented by Yeasts that Colonize the Vaginal Mucosa or Cause Primary or Recurrent Candidiasis

Candida yeasts are the most frequent in the vaginal content. This yeast may be a normal microbiota but also causes candidiasis. In symptomatic cases, primary candidiasis (VVC) or recurrence (RVVC) can be considered. This study aims to compare the frequency and in vitro sensitivity profile of Candida species isolated in the vaginal content with the different stages of the presence of yeasts. A total of 258 non-pregnant patients with/without VVC were prospectively screened at a teaching Health…

Anti-MRSA drug discovery by ligand-based virtual screening and biological evaluation

S. aureus resistant to methicillin (MRSA) is one of the most-concerned multidrug resistant bacteria, due to its role in life-threatening infections. There is an urgent need to develop new antibiotics against MRSA. In this study, we firstly compiled a data set of 2,3-diaminoquinoxalines by chemical synthesis and antibacterial screening against S. aureus, and then performed cheminformatics modeling and virtual screening. The compound with the Specs ID of AG-205/33156020 was discovered as a new…

A facile reaction to access novel structural sulfonyl-hybridized imidazolyl ethanols as potential DNA-targeting antibacterial agents

A novel type of sulfonyl-hybridized imidazolyl ethanols as potential DNA-targeting antibacterial agents was constructed via the unique ring-opened reaction of oxiranes by imidazoles for the first time. Some developed target hybrids showed potential antimicrobial potency against the tested microbes. Especially, imidazole derivative 5f could strongly suppressed the growth of MRSA (MIC = 4 μg/mL), which was 2-fold and 16-fold more potent than the positive control sulfathiazole and norfloxacin. This…

Ultrafast in-situ forming halloysite nanotube-doped chitosan/oxidized dextran hydrogels for hemostasis and wound repair

A series of halloysite nanotube (HNT)-doped chitosan (CS)/oxidized dextran (ODEX) adhesive hydrogels were developed through a Schiff base reaction. The resultant CS/ODEX/HNT hydrogels could not only form in situ on wounds within only 1 s when injected, but could also adapt to wounds of different shapes and depths after injection. We established four rat and rabbit hemorrhage models and demonstrated that the hydrogels are better than the clinically used gelatin sponge for reducing hemostatic time…

Antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria: a 5-year retrospective analysis at a multi-hospital healthcare system in Saudi Arabia

CONCLUSION: The observed increase in susceptibility of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria to studied antimicrobials is important; however, reduced sensitivity of MRSA, CoNS and Enterococcus species to gentamicin; and increased resistance of MRSA to linezolid and vancomycin is a serious threat and calls for effective antimicrobial stewardship programs.