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junio 14, 2021

Harnessing ultrasound-stimulated phase change contrast agents to improve antibiotic efficacy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus biofilms

Bacterial biofilms, often associated with chronic infections, respond poorly to antibiotic therapy and frequently require surgical intervention. Biofilms harbor persister cells, metabolically indolent cells, which are tolerant to most conventional antibiotics. In addition, the biofilm matrix can act as a physical barrier, impeding diffusion of antibiotics. Novel therapeutic approaches frequently improve biofilm killing, but usually fail to achieve eradication. Failure to eradicate the biofilm…

Triazole-based osmium(ii) complexes displaying red/near-IR luminescence: antimicrobial activity and super-resolution imaging

Cellular uptake, luminescence imaging and antimicrobial activity against clinically relevant methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bacteria are reported. The osmium(ii) complexes [Os(N^N)(3)]^(2+) (N^N = 1-benzyl-4-(pyrid-2-yl)-1,2,3-triazole (1 ^(2+)); 1-benzyl-4-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-1,2,3-triazole (2 ^(2+)); 1-benzyl-4-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1,2,3-triazole (3 ^(2+))) were prepared and isolated as the chloride salts of their meridional and facial isomers. The complexes display prominent spin-forbidden…

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Two Sri Lankan Lichens, Parmotrema rampoddense, and Parmotrema tinctorum against Methicillin-Sensitive and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

CONCLUSION: Both lichens, P. rampoddense and P. tinctorum, represent potentially important sources of future antimicrobial drugs. Further investigation on the ethanol extract of P. rampoddense will enable us to determine the most active phytoconstituents responsible for the activity, their mechanism of action against bacterial pathogens, and also their cytotoxicity against normal cells.

Schottiin, a new prenylated isoflavones from Psorothamnus schottii and antibacterial synergism studies between methicillin and fremontone against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 1708

Bioactivity guided isolation of an ethanol extract of the root of Psoromanthus schottii (Family Fabaceae) afforded a new prenylated isoflavone, named schottiin (5,7,5′-trihydroxy-4′-O-methyl-6′-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-isoflavone) (1), together with four other isoflavones, including fremontone (2), 5,7,4′,5′-tetrahydroxy-2′-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-isoflavone (3), glycyrrhisoflavone (4) and fremontin (5), of which 3 and 4 identified as isomeric mixture. Structures of 1-5 were determined by full…

Antibacterial Potency of Medicinal Plants including <em>Artemisia annua</em> and <em>Oxalis corniculata</em> against Multi-Drug Resistance <em>E. coil</em>

Antibacterial activity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of two medicinal plants including Oxalis corniculata (EtOc, AqOc) and Artemisia annua (EtAa, AqAa) as well as A. annua essential oil (EoAa) was investigated on multi-drug resistance (MDR) E. coli. Microdilution and agar well diffusion methods were used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) as well as the inhibition zone. The phytconstituents of these products were analyzed using…

QTMP, a Novel Thiourea Polymer, Causes DNA Damage to Exert Anticancer Activity and Overcome Multidrug Resistance in Colorectal Cancer Cells

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies, and multidrug resistance (MDR) severely restricts the effectiveness of various anticancer drugs. Therefore, the development of novel anticancer drugs for the treatment of CRC patients with MDR is necessary. Quaternized thiourea main-chain polymer (QTMP) is a self-assembled nanoparticle with good water solubility. Notably, QTMP is not a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate, and it exhibits potent cytotoxic activity against CRC cells,…

Chemical Composition, Antibacterial Activity, and Antibiotic Potentiation of <em>Boswellia sacra</em> Flueck. Oleoresin Extracts from the Dhofar Region of Oman

The emergence of MDR bacterial pathogens has directed antibiotic discovery research towards alternative therapies and traditional medicines. Boswellia sacra oleoresin (frankincense) was used to treat bacterial infections in traditional Arabian and Asian healing systems for at least 1000 years. Despite this, B. sacra extracts have not been rigorously tested for inhibitory activity against gastrointestinal pathogens or bacterial triggers of autoimmune diseases. Solvent extracts were prepared from…

A Potential High-Risk Clone of <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> ST463

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common opportunistic pathogens, which causes severe nosocomial infections because of its well-known multidrug-resistance and hypervirulence. It is critical to curate routinely the epidemic P. aeruginosa clones encountered in the clinic. The aim of the present study was to investigate the connection between virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance profiles in epidemic clones. Herein, we found that ST463 (O4), ST1212 (O11), and ST244 (O5) were…

Doxorubicin/Nucleophosmin Binding Protein-Conjugated Nanoparticle Enhances Anti-leukemia Activity in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Cells <em>in vitro</em> and <em>in vivo</em>

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an aggressive malignancy. Adults with ALL have more than 50% relapse rates. We have previously validated that overexpression of nucleophosmin (NPM) is involved in the multidrug resistance (MDR) development during ALL; and a synthetically engineered recombinant NPM binding protein (NPMBP) has been developed in our group; NPMBP and doxorubicin (DOX) can be conjugated in a nanoparticle-based drug delivery system named DOX-PMs-NPMBP to counteract MDR during ALL….