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junio 19, 2021

Antibacterial polyene-polyol macrolides and cyclic peptides from the marine-derived Streptomyces sp. MS110128

Marine microbes provide an important resource to discover new chemical compounds with biological activities beneficial to drug discovery. In our study, two new polyene macrolides, pyranpolyenolides A (1) and B (2), and one new natural cyclic peptide (9), together with two known polyenes (7 and 8) and three known cyclic peptides (10-12), were isolated from a culture of the marine Streptomyces sp. MS110128. In addition, four new polyene macrolides, pyranpolyenolides C-F (3-6), were identified as…

Blastomycosis in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients – A Retrospective Series from Southeastern Wisconsin

Blastomycosis is a fungal infection caused primarily by Blastomyces dermatitis. The fungus is endemic to the Ohio, Mississippi, and St. Lawrence River areas of the United States. Organ transplant recipients are at risk of blastomycosis due to pharmacologic immunosuppression. Over a 20-year period, 30 cases of blastomycosis post-solid organ transplantation were identified at our center. The cumulative incidence of blastomycosis among SOT recipients was 0.99%. There was a male predominance (70%…

Enhanced Near-Infrared Photocatalytic Eradication of MRSA Biofilms and Osseointegration Using Oxide Perovskite-Based P-N Heterojunction

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm infections after orthopedic implant increase the risk of failure and potentially cause amputation of limbs or life-threatening sepsis in severe cases. Additionally, satisfactory bone-implant integration is another important indicator of an ideal implant. Here, an antibiotic-free antibacterial nanofilm based on oxide perovskite-type calcium titanate (CTO)/fibrous red phosphorus (RP) on titanium implant surface (Ti-CTO/RP) in which the P-N…

AmBisome, three challenges: Candida auris infection, central nervous system infection, and biofilm-associated infection

The treatment of invasive fungal infections remains a challenge, both for the diagnosis and for the need of providing the appropriate antifungal therapy. Candida auris is a pathogenic yeast that is responsible for hospital outbreaks, especially in intensive care units; it is characterized by a high resistance to the antifungal agents and can become multidrug-resistant. At present, the recommended antifungal agents for the invasive infections with this pathogen are echinocandins, always after…

Candida tropicalis in Peritoneal Dialysis-related Peritonitis Diagnosed by Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/ionization Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry

Fungal peritonitis (FP) is a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Candida tropicalis infections are rarely reported in literature. The authors present the first case of FP with peritoneal abscess due to C. tropicalis in a 22-year-old woman admitted to our hospital with septic shock. Abdominal tomography demonstrated an abscess in peritoneal space and intraluminal bubble appearance in femoral venous and arterial circulation. PD fluid specimens and matrix-assisted laser…

The IRE1α Stress Signaling Axis Is a Key Regulator of Neutrophil Antimicrobial Effector Function

Activation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress sensor, IRE1α, is required for effective immune responses against bacterial infection and is associated with human inflammatory diseases in which neutrophils are a key immune component. However, the specific role of IRE1α in regulating neutrophil effector function has not been studied. In this study, we show that infection-induced IRE1α activation licenses neutrophil antimicrobial capacity, including IL-1β production, formation of neutrophil…

Mucormycosis: Current and future management perspective

Infections caused by mucorales, with an increasing incidence after candidiasis and aspergillosis, are characterized by the fast angioinvasion of blood vessels and invasion of neighboring organs or structures. Mucorales most commonly cause rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, digestive or disseminated infections, and their spread is favored by certain underlying diseases (diabetes, kidney failure) and risk factors (neutropenia, immunosuppression, iron overload). These infections have a high…

Industrial dog food is a vehicle of multidrug-resistant enterococci carrying virulence genes often linked to human infections

The increase in the number of pets in recent years has been followed by an exponential growth of the industrial pet food sector, which has been accompanied by new food safety risks, namely antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether dog food commercially available in Portugal is a reservoir of clinically-relevant antibiotic resistant Enterococcus. Fifty-five samples (25 brands; 22 wet, 14 raw frozen, 8 dry, 7 treats and 4 semi-wet) were collected on 9 commercial…