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junio 20, 2021

Antimicrobial prescribing patterns in equine ambulatory practice

Antimicrobial resistance is one of the most important public health risks facing our world today. Antimicrobials are commonly prescribed in equine veterinary medicine, but limited information exists documenting their use in practice. The goal of this study was to investigate antimicrobial prescription patterns in regards to prescription frequency, duration, drug class, clinician and affected body system in an equine ambulatory setting via retrospective analysis of billing and electronic medical…

Re-thinking treatment strategies for febrile neutropenia in paediatric oncology population: the perspective from a developing country

CONCLUSIONS: Our results show the importance of surveillance, monitoring resistance frequencies and identifying risk factors specific to each region. Given that significant mortality is attributed to drug resistant Gram negative bacilli, early initiation of appropriate antibiotics to cover for drug resistance is required while formulating empirical antibiotic policies for febrile neutropenia in the oncology units in the developing world.

miR-324-3p and miR-508-5p expression levels could serve as potential diagnostic and multidrug-resistant biomarkers in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most frequent hematological malignancies in children, representing approximately 25 % of all pediatric cancers. Despite striking advances in ALL treatments, a small population of patients does not still respond to chemotherapy, raising the number of deaths in children. ABC transporters are one of the major causes of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancers and overexpression of ABCA3 is directly associated with increased chemo-resistance in pediatric…

In vitro activity of anidulafungin, caspofungin, fluconazole and amphotericin B against biofilms and planktonic forms of Candida species isolated from blood culture in patients with hematological malignancies

CONCLUSION: The majority of Candida isolates grown as planktonic forms were susceptible to anidulafungin, caspofungin, conventional amphotericin B and fluconazole. Anidulafungin displayed higher activity against Candida biofilms than caspofungin. All Candida biofilms were resistant to fluconazole and conventional amphotericin B.

Potential antibacterial ethanol-bridged purine azole hybrids as dual-targeting inhibitors of MRSA

A new class of antibacterial ethanol-bridged purine azole hybrids as potential dual-targeting inhibitors was developed. Bioactivity evaluation showed that some of the target compounds had prominent antibacterial activity against the tested bacteria, notably, metronidazole hybrid 3a displayed significant inhibitory activity against MRSA (MIC = 6 μM), and had no obvious toxicity on normal mammalian cells (RAW 264.7). In addition, compound 3a also did not induce drug resistance of MRSA obviously,…

Two cases of primary cutaneous candidiasis caused by Candida parapsilosis: a report and literature review

Candida parapsilosis is a rare cause of primary cutaneous infection, with rare cases reported in the literature to date, most of the reports were immunocompromised individuals. Herein, we report two cases of primary cutaneous infection caused by C. parapsilosis in immunocompetent adults. C. parapsilosis were isolated and identified through morphological and molecular analyses, these isolates were found to be susceptible to itraconazole through in vitro antifungal susceptibility test. Both…