Currently browsing

junio 23, 2021

Hyperbaric hyperoxemia as a risk factor for ventilator-acquired pneumonia?

CONCLUSION: Known risk factors for VAP are to be found within our ICU population. HBOT, however, is not an extra risk factor for VAP within this group. Further experimental and clinical investigations are needed to understand the impact of HBOT on the occurrence of VAP and on physiological microbiome.

Candida auris Cell Wall Mannosylation Contributes to Neutrophil Evasion through Pathways Divergent from Candida albicans and Candida glabrata

Candida auris, a recently emergent fungal pathogen, has caused invasive infections in health care settings worldwide. Mortality rates approach 60% and hospital spread poses a public health threat. Compared to other Candida spp., C. auris avoids triggering the antifungal activity of neutrophils, innate immune cells that are critical for responding to many invasive fungal infections, including candidiasis. However, the mechanism underpinning this immune evasion has been largely unknown. Here, we…

Microbiological profile of leg ulcer infections: review study

CONCLUSIONS: the microbiological profile of infections was similar, with the presence of resistant bacteria in both environments. This fact causes concern and raises the need for research to elucidate it. The studies did not compare the effectiveness between biopsy and swab.

Epidemiology of the Staphylococcus aureus CA-MRSA USA300 in Belgium

The methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type (ST) 8 Panton-Valentine toxin (PVL)-positive USA300 clone has a worldwide distribution. The USA300 North American (NA) variant, harbouring the arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME), is predominant in the USA while the Latin American (LV) variant is predominant in Northern South America. Both variants have failed to become endemic in Europe. We examined here the epidemiology of the USA300 clone in Belgium from 2006 to 2019. A…

Prodigiosin inhibits bacterial growth and virulence factors as a potential physiological response to interspecies competition

Prodigiosin, a red linear tripyrrole pigment, has long been recognised for its antimicrobial property. However, the physiological contribution of prodigiosin to the survival of its producing hosts still remains undefined. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the biological role of prodigiosin from Serratia marcescens, particularly in microbial competition through its antimicrobial activity, towards the growth and secreted virulence factors of four clinical pathogenic bacteria…

Antimicrobial treatment of Corynebacterium striatum invasive infections: a systematic review

The aim of this study was to establish an evidence-based guideline for the antibiotic treatment of Corynebacterium striatum infections. Several electronic databases were systematically searched for clinical trials, observational studies or individual cases on patients of any age and gender with systemic inflammatory response syndrome, harboring C. striatum isolated from body fluids or tissues in which it is not normally present. C. striatum had to be identified as the only causative agent of the…

Linezolid-induced serotonin syndrome

Linezolid is an oxazolidinone antibiotic, which is a weak, reversible, nonselective monoamine oxidase A and B inhibitor; is known to increase serotonin levels, and has been implicated in the development of serotonin syndrome (SS). There is limited literature on the development of SS with linezolid, when used alone. In this report, we present the case of a 70-year-old female who developed features of SS while being treated with linezolid 600 mg twice daily for pneumonia. The SS in her case was…

Engineered cyclotides with potent broad in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity

The search for novel antimicrobial agents to combat microbial pathogens is intensifying in response to bioterrorism and rapid drug resistance development to current antibiotic therapeutics. Respiratory failure and septicemia are the leading causes of mortality among hospitalized patients. Here, we report the development of a novel engineered cyclotide with effective broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against several ESKAPE bacterial strains and clinical isolates. The most active antibacterial…