Currently browsing

julio 2021

Antimicrobial compounds were isolated from the secondary metabolites of Gordonia, a resident of intestinal tract of Periplaneta americana

Gordonia sp. are members of the actinomycete family, their contribution to the environment improvement and environmental protection by their biological degradation ability, but there are few studies on the antimicrobial activity of their secondary metabolites. Our team isolated and purified an actinomycete WA 4-31 from the intestinal tract of Periplaneta americana, firstly identified the strain WA 4-31 by the morphological characteristics and the phylogenetic analyses, and found it was…

Acetate sensing by GPR43 alarms neutrophils and protects from severe sepsis

Bacterial sepsis is a major cause of mortality resulting from inadequate immune responses to systemic infection. Effective immunomodulatory approaches are urgently needed but it has remained elusive, which targets might be suitable for intervention. Increased expression of the G-protein-coupled receptor GPR43, which is known to govern intestinal responses to acetate, has been associated with sepsis patient survival but the mechanisms behind this observation have remained unclear. We show that…

Clinical outcomes among patients with tuberculous meningitis receiving intensified treatment regimens

SETTING: National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NCTLD), Tbilisi, Georgia.OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical outcomes of patients with tuberculous meningitis (TBM) treated with an intensified regimen including a fluoroquinolone (FQ) and an injectable agent.DESIGN: Prospective cohort of patients aged ≥16 years initiating treatment for TBM at the NCTLD from January 2018 to December 2019. Treatment outcomes and neurologic disability at 1, 6 and 12 months after treatment initiation were…

Challenges in replicating secondary analysis of electronic health records data with multiple computable phenotypes: A case study on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia infections

CONCLUSION: Despite the rich information in EHR data, replication of prediction models involving complex predictors is still challenging, often due to the limited availability of validated computable phenotypes. On the other hand, it is often possible to derive proxy computable phenotypes that can be further validated and calibrated.

Dairy associations for the targeted control of opportunistic Candida

Antifungal and antibacterial activities of twenty-six combinations of lactic acid bacteria, propionibacteria, acetic acid bacteria and dairy yeasts inoculated in whey and milk were investigated. Associations including acetic acid bacteria were shown to suppress growth of the opportunistic yeast Candida albicans in well-diffusion assays. The protective effect of milk fermented with the two most promising consortia was confirmed in Caco-2 cell culture infected with C. albicans. Indeed, these…

Chalcogenide nanoparticles and organic photosensitizers for synergetic antimicrobial photodynamic therapy

Synergistic antimicrobial effects were observed for copper sulfide (CuS) nanoparticles together with indocyanine green (ICG) in the elimination of wild type pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853) and also opportunistic fungal infective yeast (Candida albicans ATCC 10231). Furthermore, large antibacterial effects were observed for clinical isolates of Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) PFGE strain-type USA300. This efficient antimicrobial…

Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Staphylococcus aureus in Milk and Traditionally Processed Dairy Products in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Staphylococcus aureus is a contagious pathogen that can cause various diseases in both humans and animals. Antimicrobial-resistant S. aureus is becoming an extremely important global health problem. A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2019 to May 2020 to assess the occurrence of S. aureus and its antimicrobial susceptibility profiles in milk and traditionally processed dairy products in selected subcities of Addis Ababa. A total of 255 dairy product samples (175 raw milk and 80…