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julio 5, 2021

Exploring the evolution and epidemiology of European CC1-MRSA-IV: tracking a multidrug-resistant community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clone

This study investigated the evolution and epidemiology of the community-associated and multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clone European CC1-MRSA-IV. Whole-genome sequences were obtained for 194 European CC1-MRSA-IV isolates (189 of human and 5 of animal origin) from 12 countries, and 10 meticillin-susceptible precursors (from North-Eastern Romania; all of human origin) of the clone. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using a maximum-likelihood approach, a time-measured phylogeny was…

Impact of implementing a fast-track protocol and standardized guideline for the management of pediatric appendicitis

CONCLUSION: The implementation of a provincial guideline aimed at standardizing care in pediatric appendicitis at our institution was associated with shortened LOS, improved antibiotic stewardship efforts and reduced cost of care. Other institutions may replicate our model of a standardized pathway in the management of pediatric appendicitis in an effort to improve the quality of patient care and reduce health care costs.

Design, development, and deployment of an indication- and kidney function-based decision support tool to optimize treatment and reduce medication dosing errors

Delivering clinical decision support (CDS) at the point of care has long been considered a major advantage of computerized physician order entry (CPOE). Despite the widespread implementation of CPOE, medication ordering errors and associated adverse events still occur at an unacceptable level. Previous attempts at indication- and kidney function-based dosing have mostly employed intrusive CDS, including interruptive alerts with poor usability. This descriptive work describes the design,…

Antimicrobial stewardship in Australian hospitals: how does compliance with antimicrobial stewardship standards compare across key hospital classifications?

CONCLUSIONS: Due to low response rates from certain hospital groups, the survey results are not generalizable to all Australia hospitals. This survey has identified that several gaps in compliance still exist and outlines the need to address lower AMS compliance in hospitals located outside major cities. The key barriers and enablers for AMS programme implementation identified should be used to inform future strategies.

Building antimicrobial stewardship through massive open online courses: a pilot study in Macedonia

CONCLUSIONS: First, lower self-reported English proficiency hindered knowledge acquisition from a MOOC platform. AMS programmes should commit to bridge this barrier so as to enable a global spread of education in AMS. Second, factors underlying the physicians’ intentions to engage in AMS appear to be more complex than simple knowledge improvements. This suggests that less time-consuming interventions could be as effective.