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julio 9, 2021

First Report: Colistin Resistance Gene <em>mcr-3.1</em> in <em>Salmonella enterica</em> Serotype Choleraesuis Isolated from Human Blood Sample from Thailand

This study describes the first finding of Salmonella enterica serotype Choleraesuis (Salmonella Choleraesuis) isolate harboring mobile colistin resistance (mcr)-3.1 obtained from human blood sample. The clinical relevant blood sample was collected during October 2018. The phenotypic identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) were studied by using automate microbiology platform (Phoenix M50, BD), and in-depth characterization by whole genome sequencing. The phenotypic…

HI1 and I1 Resistance Plasmids from <em>Salmonella enterica</em> Serovar Typhimurium Strain SRC27 Are Epidemic

Conjugative plasmids are a major contributor to the global spread of antibiotic resistance determinants, but the tracking of their evolutionary history is often neglected. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) strain SRC27 was isolated from an equine infection in Australia in 1999. SRC27 was known to carry conjugative HI1 and I1 resistance plasmids. In this study, SRC27 was sequenced to determine the relationship between these HI1 and I1 resistance plasmids it was known to…

Detection of novel sequence types and zoonotic transmission potentiality among strains of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) from dairy calves, animal handlers and associated environments

Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) is one of the most important food-borne zoonotic bacterial pathogens responsible for causing gastrointestinal infections, haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic uremic syndrome. The present study was aimed to isolate and characterize STEC from neonatal dairy calves, animal handlers and their surrounding environment and to establish the genetic relationship among isolates by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). A total number of 115 samples were collected and…

Implementing EUCAST rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing method for sepsis: lessons learned in a tertiary care center

CONCLUSIONS: Except for a slightly higher Very major error rate, rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing at 8-hour is equivalent to Disk-diffusion method (CLSI-M100) using CLSI-M52 criteria for equivalence: (Categorical agreement ≥ 90%, Very major error ≤ 1.5% and Major error ≤ 3%). Poor Categorical agreements at all reading times were noted for piperacillin-tazobactam, ciprofloxacin and E. coli. Performance of rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing methodology in resource limited…

Treatment outcomes of <em><em>Acinetobacter</em> <em>baumannii</em></em> -associated pneumonia and/or bacteraemia at the intensive care unit of Universitas Academic Hospital, Bloemfontein, South Africa

CONCLUSION: Although ICU survival in patients with A. baumannii infection was better when treated with colistin/tigecycline combination therapy compared with colistin monotherapy, a statistically significant difference could not be detected. Adequately powered prospective clinical trials are required to detect statistically significant differences in treatment outcomes.

Impact of the initial clinical presentation on the outcome of patients with infective endocarditis

CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective study, shock at admission independently predicted embolism during hospitalization in IE patients. Moreover, a new cardiac murmur at admission predicted the need for cardiac surgery. This emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive initial clinical evaluation in combination with imaging and microbiological data, in order to identify high-risk IE patients early.

Biomaterial vaccines capturing pathogen-associated molecular patterns protect against bacterial infections and septic shock

Most bacterial vaccines work for a subset of bacterial strains or require the modification of the antigen or isolation of the pathogen before vaccine development. Here we report injectable biomaterial vaccines that trigger potent humoral and T-cell responses to bacterial antigens by recruiting, reprogramming and releasing dendritic cells. The vaccines are assembled from regulatorily approved products and consist of a scaffold with absorbed granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and…

Clinical characteristics of <em>Corynebacterium simulans</em>

Corynebacterium simulans was first reported in 2000. Its characteristics such as isolation frequency, specimen types, and antimicrobial susceptibilities are poorly understood, because identification is difficult using conventional methods. We performed a retrospective observational study of 13 and 317 strains of C. simulans and C. striatum, respectively, isolated from consecutive patients at Nagoya University Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018. We analyzed patients’ backgrounds, types…

Nanopore metagenomic sequencing of influenza virus directly from respiratory samples: diagnosis, drug resistance and nosocomial transmission, United Kingdom, 2018/19 influenza season

BackgroundInfluenza virus presents a considerable challenge to public health by causing seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics. Nanopore metagenomic sequencing has the potential to be deployed for near-patient testing, providing rapid infection diagnosis, rationalising antimicrobial therapy, and supporting infection-control interventions.AimTo evaluate the applicability of this sequencing approach as a routine laboratory test for influenza in clinical settings.MethodsWe conducted Oxford…

A Case of Pyelonephritis in an Anuric Patient with End-Stage Renal Disease on Hemodialysis

Urinary tract infections are common sources of infections requiring antibiotic use worldwide. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, especially those with minimal urine output are challenging when it comes to antibiotic stewardship given the scarcity of cases in the literature. It is further complicated by the fact that end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are found to have asymptomatic pyuria and its clinical significance for bacterial infection is yet to be determined. In this case, we…