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julio 22, 2021

Risks for Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis Caused by Non-Albicans Candida Versus Candida Albicans

Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the second most common vulvovaginitis (VV). About 20% of women will experience recurrent infections in their lifetime with non-albicans Candida (NAC) species being one of the causative agents. Although studies have looked at risk factors for recurrent VVC they are limited in scope. In this study, we explore whether risks of recurrent VVC are increased with NAC infections compared to Candida albicans infections. Methods: Through an institutional…

Molecular detection of Extended-Spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and biofilm formation in uropathogen <em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em> in Iran

Background: Uropathogenic Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the well-kown uropathogens that have the main rule in biofilm formation. Increased prevalence of ESBL enzyme is one of the therapeutic problems. However, the aims of this study were to characterize the ability of biofilm formation and ESBL-producing isolates produced by urinary tract infection’s K. pneumoniae to identify the prevalence of this type of infection in the studied area. Methods: Between the 500 nonrepetitive clinical isolates,…

The COVID-19 pandemic: a threat to antimicrobial resistance containment

As of 23 April 2021, the outbreak of COVID-19 claimed around 150 million confirmed cases with over 3 million deaths worldwide. Yet, an even more serious but silent pandemic, that of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), is likely complicating the outcome of COVID-19 patients. This study discusses the current knowledge on the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 and highlights the likely contribution of the COVID-19 pandemic on the escalation of AMR. COVID-19 engenders extensive antibiotic overuse and misuse,…

The ERACE-PA Global Surveillance Program: Ceftolozane/tazobactam and Ceftazidime/avibactam in vitro Activity against a Global Collection of Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

The cephalosporin-β-lactamase-inhibitor-combinations, ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam, have revolutionized treatment of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CR-PA). A contemporary assessment of their in vitro potency against a global CR-PA collection and an assessment of carbapenemase diversity are warranted. Isolates determined as CR-PA by the submitting site were collected from 2019-2021 (17 centers in 12 countries) during the ERACE-PA Global Surveillance Program….

Staquorsin: A Novel Staphylococcus aureus Agr-Mediated Quorum Sensing Inhibitor Impairing Virulence in vivo Without Notable Resistance Development

The emergence of microbial resistance to the available antibiotics is a major public health concern, especially with the limited rate of developing new antibiotics. The utilization of anti-virulence agents is a non-conventional approach that can be used to combat microbial infection. In Staphylococcus aureus, many virulence factors are regulated by the Agr-mediated quorum sensing (QS). We developed a chemical compound that acts a potential Agr-inhibitor without reducing bacterial viability. The…

Lipoproteins from Staphylococcus aureus Drive Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in a TLR2/1- and PAD-Dependent Manner

Neutrophils, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN), play a critical role in the innate immune response to Staphylococcus aureus, a pathogen that continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation is involved in ensnaring and killing of S. aureus, but this host-pathogen interaction also leads to host tissue damage. Importantly, NET components including neutrophil proteases are under consideration as therapeutic targets in a variety of…

Observation of synergistic antibacterial properties of prodigiosin from Serratia marcescens jx-1 with metal ions in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are a major global health problem, and novel and effective antimicrobial drugs are urgently required to combat this life-threatening pathogen. Prodigiosin (PG) is a bacterial secondary metabolite with excellent anticancer and antibacterial properties. However, little is known about the antibacterial function of PG against MRSA. Therefore, the antibacterial efficacy of PG alone and PG in combination with different metal ions against…

Rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pediatric emergency departments in Spain

CONCLUSIONS: The overall MRSA rate was one in six staphylococcal infections. Higher MRSA rates were detected in samples of suppurating skin injuries and in foreign children or in children with a history of previous MRSA infection. In suppurative skin lesions, early drainage is essential and the change to an antibiotic with MRSA coverage should be considered if the evolution is inadequate.