A 30-Year-Old Immune Deficient Woman With Persistent Cough and Shortness of Breath

Chest. 2021 Oct;160(4):e343-e346. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.05.055.


A 30-year-old woman was referred with increasing shortness of breath and cough in the setting of GATA2 deficiency. She initially presented 9 years previously with recurrent episodes of pneumonia and sinusitis. Genetic testing revealed a heterozygous GATA2 mutation (c.988C>T). She has since had multiple infections that have included necrotizing fasciitis of the right thumb, recurrent pilonidal infections (which required 23 procedures), esophageal candidiasis, and human papillomavirus-positive high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion of the cervix. Serial bone marrow biopsy specimens showed persistent hypocellularity (20% to 60%) with intermittent erythroid atypia and variable detection of trisomy 8, which were concerning for evolving myelodysplastic syndrome. One year before the current admission, she was diagnosed with disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex and was treated with rifabutin, ethambutol, and azithromycin. She was taking voriconazole, acyclovir, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis.

PMID:34625181 | DOI:10.1016/j.chest.2021.05.055