A multi-targeting pre-clinical candidate against drug-resistant tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2021 Jun 18;129:102104. doi: 10.1016/j.tube.2021.102104. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

FNDR-20081 [4-{4-[5-(4-Isopropyl-phenyl)- [1,2,4]oxadiazol-3-ylmethyl]-piperazin-1-yl}-7-pyridin-3-yl-quinoline] is a novel, first in class anti-tubercular pre-clinical candidate against sensitive and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In-vitro combination studies of FNDR-20081 with first- and second-line drugs exhibited no antagonism, suggesting its compatibility for developing new combination-regimens. FNDR-20081, which is non-toxic with no CYP3A4 liability, demonstrated exposure-dependent killing of replicating-Mtb, as well as the non-replicating-Mtb, and efficacy in a mouse model of infection. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) of FNDR-20081 resistant mutants revealed the identification of pleotropic targets: marR (Rv0678), a regulator of MmpL5, a transporter/efflux pump mechanism for drug resistance; and Rv3683, a putative metalloprotease potentially involved in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. In summary, FNDR-20081 is a promising first in class compound with the potential to form a new combination regimen for MDR-TB treatment.

PMID:34214859 | DOI:10.1016/j.tube.2021.102104