ACS Omega. 2021 Mar 30;6(14):9600-9608. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c00151. eCollection 2021 Apr 13.
Thermal instability, photodegradation, and poor bioavailability of natural active ingredients are major drawbacks in developing effective natural product-based antimicrobial formulations. These inherited issues could be fruitfully mitigated by the introduction of natural active ingredients into various nanostructures. This study focuses on the development of a novel green mechanochemical synthetic route to incorporate curcuminoids into Mg-Al-layered double hydroxides. The developed one-pot and scalable synthetic approach makes lengthy synthesis procedures using toxic solvents redundant, leading to improved energy efficiency. The hydrotalcite-shaped nanohybrids consist of surface and interlayer curcuminoids that have formed weak bonds with layered double hydroxides as corroborated by X-ray diffractograms, X-ray photoelectron spectra, and Fourier transmission infrared spectra. The structural and morphological properties resulted in increased thermal stability of curcuminoids. Slow and sustained release of the curcuminoids was observed at pH 5.5 for a prolonged time up to 7 h. The developed nanohybrids exhibited zeroth-order kinetics, favoring transdermal application. Furthermore, the efficacy of curcuminoid incorporated LDHs (CC-LDH) as an anticolonization agent was investigated against four wound biofilm-forming pathogens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus, and Candida albicans, using a broth dilution method and an in vitro biofilm model system. Microbiological studies revealed a 54-58% reduction in biofilm formation ability of bacterial pathogens in developed nanohybrids compared to pure curcuminoids. Therefore, the suitability of these green-chemically synthesized CC-LDH nanohybrids for next-generation antimicrobial applications with advanced dermatological/medical properties is well established.