Clin Chem Lab Med. 2020 Nov 24:cclm-2020-1196. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2020-1196. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: Novel treatment options for some carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative pathogens have been identified by the World Health Organization as being of the highest priority. Ceftolozane-tazobactam is a novel cephalosporin - beta-lactamase inhibitor combination antibiotic with potent bactericidal activity against the most difficult-to-treat multi-drug resistant and extensively drug resistant Gram-negative pathogens. This study aimed to develop and validate a liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantification of ceftolozane and tazobactam in plasma (total and unbound), renal replacement therapy effluent (RRTE), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and urine.
METHODS: Analytes were separated using mixed-mode chromatography with an intrinsically base-deactivated C18 column and a gradient mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid, 10 mM ammonium formate and acetonitrile. The analytes and internal standards were detected using rapid ionisation switching between positive and negative modes with simultaneous selected reaction monitoring.
RESULTS: A quadratic calibration was obtained for plasma (total and unbound), RRTE and CSF over the concentration range of 1-200 mg/L for ceftolozane and 0.5-100 mg/L for tazobactam, and for urine the concentration range of 10-2,000 mg/L for ceftolozane and 5-1,000 mg/L for tazobactam. For both ceftolozane and tazobactam, validation testing for matrix effects, precision and accuracy, specificity and stability were all within the acceptance criteria of ±15%.
CONCLUSIONS: This methodology was successfully applied to one pilot pharmacokinetic study in infected critically ill patients, including patients receiving renal replacement therapy, and one case study of a patient with ventriculitis, where all patients received ceftolozane-tazobactam.