Accelerated antibacterial red-carbon dots with photodynamic therapy against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Sci China Mater. 2021 Sep 23:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s40843-021-1770-0. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The emergence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria is a major public-health issue. Synthesis of efficient antibiotic-free material is very important for fighting bacterial infection-related diseases. Herein, red-carbon dots (R-CDs) with a broad range of spectral absorption (350-700 nm) from organic bactericides or intermediates were synthesized through a solvothermal route. The prepared R-CDs not only had intrinsic antibacterial activities, but also could kill multidrug-resistant bacteria (multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB) and multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)) effectively by generating reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, R-CDs could eliminate and inhibit the formation of MRAB biofilms, while conferring few side effects on normal cells. A unique property of R-CDs was demonstrated upon in vivo treatment of antibiotic-sensitive MRAB-induced infected wounds. These data suggested that this novel R-CDs-based strategy might enable the design of next-generation agents to fight drug-resistant bacteria.

ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: Supplementary material is available for this article at 10.1007/s40843-021-1770-0 and is accessible for authorized users.

PMID:34603825 | PMC:PMC8477720 | DOI:10.1007/s40843-021-1770-0